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Table 1 Characteristics of the total sample and men and women separately (n = 1862), Queensland, Australia

From: Gender differences in recreational and transport cycling: a cross-sectional mixed-methods comparison of cycling patterns, motivators, and constraints

Characteristics Sample % of total sample a % of men a % of women a
  n % % %
Age (years)     p = 0.0001
 18-34 209 15.8 15.7 15.9
 35-44 482 22.0 21.1 23.4
 45-54 635 30.8 28.5 34.2
 55-64 406 24.5 25.4 23.0
 65+ 130 6.9 9.3 3.5
Education     p = 0.021
 No tertiary degree 266 14.4 14.0 14.9
 Trade/apprenticeship or certificate/diploma 361 18.4 20.1 15.9
 Undergraduate degree 628 34.1 35.2 32.5
 Postgraduate university degree 607 33.1 30.7 36.7
Household     p <0.0001
 Live alone 212 12.5 9.6 16.7
 Live with adults and no children 971 55.2 53.9 57.1
 Live with adults and children 679 32.3 36.4 26.3
No. of cars in household     p = 0.003
 0 34 2.1 1.6 2.7
 1 677 38.0 34.8 42.7
 2 869 45.4 47.7 41.9
 3+ 282 14.6 15.9 12.6
Employment     p <0.0001
 Full-time paid work 1,350 68.6 76.9 56.5
 Part-time paid work 262 16.7 8.9 28.0
 Retired or not in paid work 250 14.7 14.2 15.4
SEIFA     p = 0.18
 Decile 10 (most advantaged) 516 27.9 27.6 28.3
 Decile 9 563 29.5 31.5 26.8
 Decile 8 332 18.0 18.2 17.8
 Decile 7 157 8.8 7.9 10.1
 Deciles 1-6 (most disadvantaged) 294 15.7 14.8 17.0
Residential location     p = 0.10
 Urban 1,574 84.4 85.9 82.1
 Inner suburban 186 10.1 8.9 11.9
 Outer suburban or more remote 102 5.5 5.2 6.0
BMI     p <0.0001
 Normal (BMI <25) 1,022 58.8 49.9 71.8
 Overweight (BMI 25- < 30) 665 32.5 39.2 22.9
 Obese (BMI ≥ 30) 175 8.7 11.0 5.3
Years of cycling as an adult     p <0.0001
 10+ years 794 40.2 47.0 30.2
 5 - < 10 428 23.9 21.0 28.2
 2 - < 5 441 24.5 22.2 27.9
 0 - < 2 199 11.4 9.7 13.8
Cycling frequency     p <0.0001
 5-7 days/week 447 22.9 27.5 16.3
 3-4 days/week 720 38.3 40.2 35.5
 1-2 days/week 513 27.6 26.4 29.4
 At least once/month 101 6.2 3.4 10.2
 At least once in previous 3 months 45 2.7 1.7 4.1
 At least once in the last year 36 2.3 0.8 4.5
Cycle purpose last week     p <0.0001
 Recreation and transport 535 27.9 31.5 22.6
 Recreation only 783 42.0 41.5 42.8
 Transport only 292 15.6 16.5 14.4
 Did not cycle last week 252 14.4 10.5 20.2
Total physical activity (mins/week)     p = 0.87
 Not meeting guidelines 231 12.5 12.4 12.7
 Meeting guidelines 1631 87.5 87.6 87.3
  1. a Percentages account for clustering of respondents within households. p-values refer to differences between men and women in proportions within categories of a variable, using Pearson’s chi-square.