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Table 2 Area-level characteristics of the schools and neighborhoods of urban Canadian youth (n = 3 997)

From: Multi-level examination of correlates of active transportation to school among youth living within 1 mile of their school

  N (%) Median (IQR)
School Characteristics
Bicycle storage available in a safe location
  No 835 (20.9)  
  Yes 3 162 (79.1)  
Has walk/bike to school days and/or walking school bus programs
  No 2 751 (68.8)  
  Yes 1 246 (31.2)  
Identification of safe walking/biking routes to school
  No 2 347 (58.7)  
  Yes 1 650 (41.3)  
Neighborhood Characteristics
Sidewalk leading to school
  No 161 (4.0)  
  Yes 3 836 (96.0)  
% of roads with sidewalks   64.6 (47.4 - 83.0)
Speed limit of school’s road (km/h)
  ≤40 311 (7.8)  
  50 3 390 (84.8)  
  ≥60 296 (7.4)  
% of roads with speed limit ≤60 km/h
  <90 493 (12.3)  
  90 – 93.99 851 (21.3)  
  94 – 99.99 1 196 (29.9)  
  100 1 457 (36.5)  
Total length of roads (km)   36.7 (29.5 – 40.9)
Street connectivity
  1 (lowest connectivity) 1 176 (29.4)  
  2 1 034 (25.9)  
  3 951 (23.8)  
  4 (highest connectivity) 836 (20.9)  
Litter in neighborhood
  No problem 1 285 (32.1)  
  Minor problem 2 216 (55.4)  
  Moderate problem 399 (10.0)  
  Major problem 97 (2.4)  
Vacant or shabby housing
  No problem 2 999 (75.0)  
  Minor problem 750 (18.8)  
  Moderate problem 192 (4.8)  
  Major problem 56 (1.4)  
Neighborhood SES (median family income, $CAD)   70 432 (58 129 – 84 063)
Average temperature (°C)   4.7 (2.5 - 7.6)
Average annual rain (mm)   1 369 (609 – 1 747)
Average annual snow (cm)   231 (195–304)
Average number of hot days   4.5 (0.5 - 11.4)
Average number of cold days   26.0 (0.6 - 47.7)
  1. IQR = interquartile range.