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Table 5 Descriptive data on health behaviour outcome variables for intervention and comparison groups at baseline, for total sample and by cohort

From: A participatory and capacity-building approach to healthy eating and physical activity – SCIP-school: a 2-year controlled trial

  Total Grade 2 cohort Grade 4 cohort Grade 7 cohort
Comparison N=328 (%) Intervention N=471 (%) Comparison N=95 (%) Intervention N=202 (%) Comparison N=120 (%) Intervention N=179 (%) Comparison N=113 (%) Intervention N=90 (%)
Eats breakfast every school day 92.1 93.0 94.7 98.0 95.8 91.0 85.8 85.6
Eats lunch every school day 81.6 87.9* 95.7 97.5 84.2 90.4 67.0 61.1
Eats vegetables at least twice a day 36.5 32.1 47.3 33.0* 34.2 37.6 30.1 18.9
Eats fruit at least twice a day 22.4 25.5 33.3 30.7 21.7 26.3 14.2 12.2
Eats sweets at most twice a week 77.7 77.4 76.6 82.1 80.8 74.6 75.2 72.2
Drinks sweetened drinks at most twice a week 81.3 75.6 85.1 81.6 80.0 75.6 79.6 62.2**
Is member of a club 84.9 84.7 96.8 81.2*** 87.5 88.8 72.3 84.4*
Sports participation at least three times a week 56.3 56.0 38.0 47.5 63.3 57.1 63.7 73.0
Spends at least 30 minutes outside every school day 87.5 89.5 94.6 92.1 88.0 90.2 80.9 82.2
Walks or bikes to school at least three days a week 73.1 70.1 59.6 59.7 81.5 79.2 75.7 75.6
Was physically active during breaks at least 3 days a week 61.4 68.4* 76.9 74.9 76.3 79.9 33.0 31.1
Watched TV at most three hours every school day 97.2 98.0 100 100 98.3 98.3 93.8 93.2
Has a fairly or very high self–esteem 97.5 98.9 98.9 99.5 99.1 98.3 94.7 98.9
Feels fairly good or good 98.2 97.9 100 99.5 98.3 97.8 96.5 94.4
Has at most one risk behaviour 21.3 20.6 30.5 23.8 18.3 22.3 16.8 10.0
  1. * Significant difference between intervention- and comparison group at p < .05 derived using Chi-square test; ** p < .01; *** p < .001.