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Table 1 Baseline characteristics stratified by widowhood

From: Do major life events influence physical activity among older adults: the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam

Variable Total sample (N=1.460) Marriage continued (N=1.324) Widowed (N=136) pvalue of between group difference c
Age a 67.4 (7.9) 66.9 (7.8) 71.7 (7.8) <.000
Male gender b 830 (57) 786 (59) 44 (32) <.000
Educational level b     <.000
Low 510 (35) 440 (33) 70 (52)  
High 949 (65) 883 (67) 66 (49)  
Missing 1 1   
Self-rated health b     .180
Good 975 (67) 891 (67) 84 (62)  
Less than good 482 (33) 430 (33) 52 (38)  
Missing 3 3   
No. of chronic diseases a 1.2 (1.1) 1.2 (1.1) 1.5 (1.2) .003
MMSE (0–30)a 27.4 (3.1) 27.5 (3.1) 27.1 (2.4) .191
CES-D (0–60)a 6.3 (6.7) 6.1 (6.4) 8.6 (8.7) <.000
Missing 10 10   
  1. a Values are expressed as mean (standard deviation).
  2. b Values are expressed as number (percentage of valid cases).
  3. c Independent t-test for age, cognitive functioning, depressive symptoms, number of self-reported chronic diseases, and χ2 test for gender, educational level and self-rated general physical health.