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Table 4 Association between widowhood or retirement and MVPA and Sports

From: Do major life events influence physical activity among older adults: the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam

Event Outcome Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Widowhood MVPA § −66.9 (−129.9;-3.8)* −11.9 (−73.6;49.9) −5.1 (−66.4;56.2) 2.7 (−58.8;64.2)
Model 1 adjusted for baseline activity     
Model 2 Model 1 + age     
Model 3 Model 2 + subjective health and number of chronic diseases     
Model 4 Model 3 + CES-D     
Widowhood Sports 1.0 (0.7;1.5) 0.9 (0.6;1.4) 0.9 (0.6;1.4) 0.9 (0.6;1.4)
Model 1 adjusted for baseline activity     
Model 2 Model 1 + age and gender     
Model 3 Model 2 + subjective health and number of chronic diseases     
Model 4 Model 3 + CES-D and MMSE     
Retirement MVPA § 28.6 (13.9;43.2)** 32.5 (17.8;47.1)** - -
Model 1 adjusted for baseline activity     
Model 2 Model 1 + gender     
Retirement Sports 0.7 (0.4;1.4) 0.6 (0.3;1.3) - -
Model 1 adjusted for baseline activity     
Model 2 Model 1 + gender     
  1. §MVPA: B + (CI 95%).
  2. Sports: OR+ (CI 95%).
  3. * p<0.01.
  4. ** p< 0.001.