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Table 4 Agreement between mkeasures of physical activity with comparable units in controlled laboratory settings

From: Direct and indirect measurement of physical activity in older adults: a systematic review of the literature

Author (Year) Participants and/or conditions Measure1 Mean (SD) Measure 2 Mean (SD) Difference % Agreement a
Bergman (2009) Part 1 Total sample, men, women Pedometer (SW3; waist) steps 444(182); 476(237); 435(170) Observed steps 433(175); 467(237); 423(162) −11; 9; 12  
Total sample, men, women Pedometer (DW; ankle) steps 225(135); 200(146) 232(136) Observed steps 433(175); 423(162); 435(170) −208; −223; −203  
Cyarto (2004) Nursing home slow, normal; fast pace Pedometer (DW-200) waist)   Observed steps    −73.9(34.8); 55.1(37.8);-46.3(38.1)
Senior centre slow, normal fast pace Pedometer (DW-200 waist)   Observed steps    −24.7(36.1); −13.3(23.6); −7.1(26.2)
Fehling (1999) Total sample/treadmill test EE from accelerometer (Caltrac)   EE from indirect calorimetry    10% to 52%
Exercise group/step test EE from accelerometer (Caltrac)   EE from indirect calorimetry    −19% to −28%
Total sample /treadmill test EE from accelerometer (Tritrac)   EE from Indirect calorimetry    −12% to −37%
Exercise group/step test EE from accelerometer (Tritrac)   EE from Indirect calorimetry    −58% to −60%
Grant (2008) Treadmill at 0.67, 0.9, 1.12, 1.34, 1.56 m/s Pedometer (SW-200)   Observed steps 437(56); 490(55); 532(47); 585(47); 624(43) 184.3; 132.7; 71.8; 31.2; 4.0 42.2; 27.1; 13.5; 5.3; <1
Treadmill at 0.67, 0.9, 1.12, 1.34, 1.56 m/s Pedometer (NL-2000)   Observed steps 437(56); 490(55); 532(47); 585(47); 624(43) 85.4; 4.8; 0; −0.9; −2.4 19.5; <1; 0; <1; <1
Leaf (1995) Treadmill EE (kcals) from Indirect Calorimetry 43.4(8.41) EE (kcals) from acceleromtery (Caltrac) 42.6(10.4) −0.805 −1.86
Treadmill EE (kcals) from Indirect Caloriemtery 43.4(8.41) EE (kcals) from ACSM equation 38.2(8.7) −5.17 −11.92%
Marsh (2007) 131 m walk test Pedometer (Accusplit Eagle 120) steps 196.0(62.6) Observed steps 218.9(29) −22.8(53.9) −10.3(25.4)
  Pedometer (NL-2000) steps 214.9(27.2) Observed steps 218.9(29) −4.0(5.8) −1.7(2.5)
  Accelerometry (IDEEA pattern recognition) 213.2(29.7) Observed steps 218.9(29) −5.6(7.8) −2.5(3.7)
Resnick (2001) One min walk tests Step counter (SAM) steps 43.9(9.4) Observed steps 43.05 0.85 1.98
Storti (2007) Total Sample Pedometer (DW) steps   Observed steps    −13%
Slow, middle, fast gait Pedometer (DW) steps   Observed steps    −31.2;-12.7; −11.1
Total Sample Accelerometer (Actigraph)   Observed steps    −7.1%
Slow, middle, fast gait Accelerometer (Actigraph) steps   Observed steps    −19.1;-5.7; −0.7
Total sample Step counter (SAM) steps   Observed steps    +6.9%
Slow, middle, fast gait Step counter (SAM) steps   Observed steps    +6.5;+6.6; +2.8
  1. aAbbreviations: TEE daily total energy expenditure, DLW doubly labeled water, QAPSE Questionnaire D’Activité Physique Saint Etienne, YPAS Yale Physical Activity Survey, MLTPAQ Minnesota Leisure Time Physical Activity Questionnaire, CAQ College Alumni Questionnaire, CHAMPS Community Health Activity Model Program for Seniors Activities Questionnaire for Older Adults, PA Physical Activity, DEE daily energy expenditure, EEPA Energy expenditure from physical activity, EEMPA Energy expenditure from moderate physical activity, MPA Moderate physical activity, HRM heart rate monitoring, RMR resting metabolic rate, BMR basal metabolic rate, LAPAQ Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam Physical Activity Questionnaire, BRFSS Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System.
  2. Note: Neither Harris (2009) nor Hurtig-Wennloff reported the data necessary to be included in this table (i.e., means, standard deviations, and/or absolute difference, percent agreement, limits of agreement)
  3. Percent agreement calculated when one of direct measures was considered the reference measure.