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Table 2 Association between perceived neighborhood environment factors and overweight

From: Environmental factors associated with overweight among adults in Nigeria

    Overweight N = 564 (31.0%)
  N % Adjusted OR
(95% C.I)†
Residential density    
Low 382 67.7 1.06 (0.83- 1.37)
High 182 32.3 1.00
Access to commercial places    
Disagree 189 33.5 1.49 (1.02- 2.18)*
Agree 375 66.5 1.00
Access to non-residential places    
Disagree 92 16.3 1.02 (0.74- 1.39)
Agree 472 83.7 1.00
Access to public transport    
Disagree 119 21.0 1.01 (0.74- 1.40)
Agree 445 79.0 1.00
Presence of recreational centers    
Disagree 159 28.2 0.96 (0.68- 1.35)
Agree 405 71.8 1.00
Presence of pedestrian pathways    
Disagree 167 29.6 1.17 (0.85- 1.62)
Agree 397 70.4 1.00
Maintenance of pathways    
Poor 93 16.5 1.18 (0.77- 1.79)
Good 471 83.5 1.00
Presence of beautiful things    
Disagree 230 40.8 1.58 (1.16- 2.09)*
Agree 334 59.2 1.00
Absence of unattended animals    
Disagree 337 67.0 1.19 (0.89- 1.59)
Agree 186 33.0 1.00
Absence of garbages and foul odors    
Disagree 259 45.9 1.41 (1.05- 1.89)*
Agree 305 54.1 1.00
Seeing people active    
Disagree 79 14.0 0.75 (0.52- 1.09)
Agree 485 86.0 1.00
Connectivity of street    
Poor 82 14.5 0.78 (0.55- 1.10)
Good 482 85.5 1.00
Traffic safety for bicycling    
Not safe 132 23.4 1.29 (0.90- 1.87)
Safe 432 76.6 1.00
Traffic safety for walking    
Not safe 171 30.3 1.56 (1.17- 2.07)*
Safe 393 69.7 1.00
Crime Safety during the day    
Not safe 114 20.2 0.91 (0.66- 1.27)
Safe 450 79.8 1.00
Crime safety at night    
Not safe 245 43.3 1.47 (1.13- 1.91)*
Safe 319 56.6 1.00
  1. CI indicates confidence intervals; and OR, odds ratio
  2. † Adjusted for age, gender, neighborhood location, marital status, ethnic group, employment status, and educational level
  3. * P < 0.05