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Table 4 Comparison of food store attributes by match status and food store classification

From: Classification bias in commercial business lists for retail food stores in the U.S.

  Supermarket Grocery store Supermarket+Grocery store Convenience store Specialty food store
  No match Match No Match Match No Match Match No match Match No match Match
D&B           
Number of cash registers 7.13 10.69*** 1.94 1.89 2.70 4.51*** 1.31 1.49*** 1.18 1.15
Does the store sell/have fresh milk 1.00 1.00 0.96 0.91 0.95 0.95 0.99 1.00 0.24 0.21
Fresh meat 1.00 1.00 0.68 0.81 0.63 0.89*** 0.00 0.00 0.53 0.16***
Fresh produce section 1.00 1.00 0.59 0.83*** 0.52 0.90*** 0.04 0.06 0.24 0.07**
Number of different types of fresh fruits& vegetables : 0 0.00 0.00 0.28 0.07*** 0.34 0.04*** 0.85 0.50*** 0.53 0.92***
Number of different types of fresh fruits& vegetables : 1-9 0.00 0.00 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.09 0.15 0.50*** 0.29 0.03***
Number of different types of fresh fruits& vegetables : 10-19 0.00 0.00 0.31 0.35 0.18 0.25 0.00 0.00 0.18 0.01***
Number of different types of fresh fruits& vegetables : ≥20 1.00 1.00 0.26 0.43 0.32 0.63*** 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03
Have a pharmacy 0.03 0.81*** 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.18*** 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Have a bank 0.06 0.72*** 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.17*** 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Have a deli 0.58 0.94*** 0.04 0.04 0.07 0.32*** 0.00 0.00 0.18 0.49**
Have a bakery 1.00 1.00 0.44 0.36 0.48 0.61 0.03 0.03 0.24 0.07**
Have a butcher or unpackaged fresh meat 0.94 0.94 0.58 0.76** 0.53 0.83*** 0.00 0.00*** 0.41 0.15**
Attached to a gas station 0.00 0.06 0.20 0.00*** 0.25 0.01*** 0.62 0.30*** 0.00 0.00
Attached to a restaurant 0.10 0.11 0.20 0.11 0.18 0.12 0.09 0.04 0.24 0.09
InfoUSA           
Number of cash registers –  †   –  †   3.09 4.90*** 1.12 1.38*** 1.24 1.24
Does the store sell/have fresh milk –  †   –  †   0.94 0.95 0.99 1.00 0.38 0.17**
Fresh meat –  †   –  †   0.72 0.88*** 0.00 0.00 0.38 0.09***
Fresh produce section –  †   –  †   0.65 0.89*** 0.11 0.03*** 0.43 0.03***
Number of different types of fresh fruits : 0 –  †   –  †   0.19 0.05*** 0.58 0.81*** 0.38 0.97***
Number of different types of fresh fruits : 1-9 –  †   –  †   0.25 0.07*** 0.42 0.19*** 0.29 0.01***
Number of different types of fresh fruits : 10-19 –  †   –  †   0.16 0.24 0.00 0.00 0.19 0.00***
Number of different types of fresh fruits : > = 20 –  †   –  †   0.40 0.63 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.02
Have a pharmacy –  †   –  †   0.07 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Have a bank –  †   –  †   0.06 0.16** 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Have a deli –  †   –  †   0.21 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.53***
Have a bakery –  †   –  †   0.51 0.54 0.08 0.02*** 0.14 0.05
Have a butcher or unpackaged fresh meat –  †   –  †   0.60 0.7** 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Attached to a gas station –  †   –  †   0.15 0.02*** 0.05 0.67*** 0.00 0.00
Attached to a restaurant –  †   –  †   0.10 0.11 0.20 0.11 0.09 0.04
  1. ** significant at the 5% level, *** significant at the 1% level.
  2. † Not applicable because InfoUSA does not allow separately identifying supermarket from grocery stores.