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Table 5 Mean and standard deviation of social cognitive variables at all the three measurement times

From: Physical activity levels six months after a randomised controlled physical activity intervention for Pakistani immigrant men living in Norway

  Intervention group Control group  
  Baseline FU1 FU2 Baseline FU1 FU2 Adjusted Δ diff Effect size P-value
  (n = 79-88) (n = 71-74) (n = 53-56) (n = 54-58) (n = 47-52) (n = 37-39) (95% CI)*   
Social support          
- family 3.4 (0.8) 3.6 (0.8) 3.6 (0.9) 3.1 (0.8) 3.2 (0.7) 3.1 (0.6) 0.4 (0.1 to 0.7) 0.65 0.001
- friends 3.2 (0.9) 3.2 (0.9) 3.2 (0.8) 3.1 (0.9) 3.3 (0.8) 3.3 (0.8) −0.1 (−0.4 to 0.1) −0.12 0.4
Self-efficacy 4.1 (1.4) 4.1 (1.4) 4.1 (1.4) 3.8 (1.1) 3.9 (1.1) 3.5 (1.3) 0.5 (−0.1 to 1.1) 0.44 0.09
Outcome expectancies 6.3 (0.8) 6.4 (0.6) 6.5 (0.6) 5.7 (1.0) 5.7 (1.2) 5.7 (1.0) 0.7 (0.2 to 1.3) 0.38 0.01
  1. * Difference (baseline to FU2), all variables were adjusted for their respective baseline value and age. ANCOVA was used to analyse the data. CI confidence interval, FU1 follow-up 1 (conducted immediately after the intervention), FU2 follow-up 2 (conducted six months after the intervention). Note; Self efficacy and outcome expectancies range from 1 to 7; Social support range from 1 to 5.