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Table 2 Comparisons of high transformational, low transformational and high-low transformational families

From: Family leadership styles and adolescent dietary and physical activity behaviors: a cross-sectional study

  High Transformational Parenting Families (HIGH TP family) Low Transformational Parenting Families (LOW TP family) One High-One Low Transformational Parenting Families(HIGH-LOW TP family) η2
  M SD M SD M SD  
Healthy Eating 14.642 4.633 11.331 4.966 11.386 3.978 .106*
Physical Activity 59.315 27.917 48.467 29.245 57.648 42.376 .031*
  1. Notes: n = 137 for HIGH TP families, n = 165 for LOW TP families and n = 26 for HIGH-LOW TP families. Healthy eating scores range from 0 to 23. Physical activity score ranges from 0–225. For η2, .01 corresponds to a small effect, .06 to a medium effect and .14 to a large effect [38].
  2. M = adjusted means. SD = standard deviations. η2 = eta squared. * p < .01.