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Table 5 Association of pattern scores with longitudinal BMI and weight status development

From: Clustering of energy balance-related behaviors in 5-year-old children: Lifestyle patterns and their longitudinal association with weight status development in early childhood

  BMI z-score Overweight
Standardized β (95%CI) Odds ratio (95%CI)
  6-7 years 7-8 years 6-7 years 7-8 years
Pattern 1 a 0.05* a 1.27†
(0.00-0.09) (0.99-1.65)
Pattern 2 a a 1.28* a
(1.03-1.60)
Pattern 3 a a a a
Pattern 4 a a a a
  1. Notes: BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval. Results of backward linear and logistic regression analyses with BMI z-score and overweight as dependent variables, respectively. The analyses were corrected for BMI z-score/weight status at age 5, and thus reflect development of BMI and weight status between ages 5 and 6–7, and between ages 5 and 7–8, respectively. All analyses were further adjusted for recruitment group; child gender and birth weight; and parental educational level, working hours, country of birth and BMI.
  2. Pattern 1: Television–Snacking pattern.
  3. Pattern 2: Sports–Computer pattern.
  4. Pattern 3: Traditional Family pattern.
  5. Pattern 4: ‘Fast’ Food pattern.
  6. a Variable not included in the final model.
  7. p < 0.10; * p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; *** p < 0.001.