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Table 3 Most common behavioral, control, and normative beliefs of kidney cancer survivors in Alberta, Canada

From: Correlates of physical activity in a population-based sample of kidney cancer survivors: an application of the theory of planned behavior

Beliefs n % Survivors 1 % Respondents 2
    (n = 482)
Most Common Behavioral Beliefs    
 Benefits (n = 419)    
  Lose weight 207 31.8 49.4
  Improve fitness 110 16.9 26.3
  Improve strength 105 16.1 25.1
  Feel good/better about oneself 100 15.4 23.9
  Improve energy levels 95 14.6 22.7
  Improve health 91 14.0 21.7
  Increase flexibility 15 2.3 3.6
  Improve sleep quality 14 2.2 3.3
  Lower blood pressure 8 1.2 1.9
 Fun/Enjoyable (n = 334)    
  Exercise with other people 197 30.3 47.0
  Exercise outdoors for fresh air/scenery 41 6.3 9.8
  Do an activity that is fun/enjoyable 28 4.3 6.7
  Do a variety of activities 23 3.5 5.5
  Participate in team sports 22 3.4 5.3
  Exercise to music 22 3.4 5.3
  Exercise in good weather 14 2.2 3.3
  Seeing results/benefit 15 2.3 3.6
  Do an activity that is pain-free 10 1.5 2.4
 Most Common Control Beliefs (Barriers) (n = 482)    
  Other medical/health problems 115 17.7 23.9
  Lack of time 104 16.0 21.6
  Pain/soreness 98 15.1 20.3
  Fatigue/too tired 94 14.4 19.5
  Other commitments 90 13.8 18.7
  Long work hours 77 11.8 16.0
  Poor weather conditions 70 10.8 14.5
  Lack of motivation 66 10.1 13.7
  Limited or no access to recreation facilities 38 5.8 7.9
 Most Common Normative Beliefs (Support) (n = 409)    
  Family members 275 42.2 67.2
  Spouse/partner 230 35.3 56.2
  Friends 145 22.3 35.5
  Recreation club/teammates 20 3.1 4.9
  Coworkers 16 2.5 3.9
  Medical team 13 2.0 3.2
  Neighbors 7 1.1 1.7
  Church group 7 1.1 1.7
  1. 1Percentage of response from all participants (N = 651).
  2. 2Percentage of responses from participants who answered to the questions.