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Table 2 Parallel synthesis of qualitative and quantitative evidence syntheses and recommendations for future research and practice

From: The experience of physical activity and the transition to retirement: a systematic review and integrative synthesis of qualitative and quantitative evidence

Quantitative synthesis Qualitative synthesis Implications for research Implications for practice
Increase in recreational PA after the transition to retirement Health properties of PA motivate adoption/increase of recreational PA but do not guarantee long-term maintenance Assess long-term development of recreational PA patterns after retirement Emphasise multiple benefits of recreational PA rather than focusing only on health benefits
   Examine predictors of and barriers to long-term maintenance of recreational PA after retirement Offer support for long-term maintenance of recreational PA after retirement
  Lifelong PA habits influence recreational PA patterns after retirement Assess predictors of change from lifelong inactivity to physically active lifestyle after retirement Promote PA to previously inactive retirees
Promote continuation of lifelong PA (e.g. provide opportunities for age-appropiate PA)
  Recreational PA provides a new daily routine Examine the broader benefits of PA after retirement and their potential role in maintenance of PA Promote recreational PA as a regular feature after retirement
Offer regular exercise classes, walking groups, etc. designed for recently retired
  Recreational PA offers new personal challenges   Promote recreational PA as a new challenge (especially for men)
    Create opportunities for competitive recreational PA within the same age group/capability level
  Recreational PA provides opportunities for social interactions   Promote PA as an opportunity for socialising (especially for women)
    Create opportunities for social recreational PA for the recently retired
  Broad concept of PA that includes recreational and domestic PA Self-reported PA assessments need to consider broad concept of PA Raise awareness of necessary intensity levels and durations of PA after the transition to retirement and how to achieve them
   Use objective PA measurements to assess change in PA across the transition to retirement  
   Investigate the health benefits of domestic PA after the transition to retirement  
Decrease in PA after retirement among low SES Lack of time for recreational PA Further investigate barriers to PA in retirees from lower occupational groups Raise awareness of benefits and acceptance of recreational PA among retirees from low SES and their communities
  Low perceived value of recreational PA and preference for productive/meaningful PA   Raise awareness of benefits of short bouts of PA across the day
    Promote purposeful physical activities (e.g. community projects, dog-walking)
  1. PA; physical activity.