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Table 2 Child and caregiver characteristics at baseline, in intervention and control group (n = 1288)

From: Effects of an intervention aimed at reducing the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages in primary school children: a controlled trial

  Parent reporta(children grades 3-7) Child reporta(children grades 5-7) Observation reporta(children grades 2-7)
n = 356 n = 387 n = 959
Variable Control (n = 198, 55.6%) Intervention (n = 158, 44.4%) Pvalueb Control (n = 205, 53.0%) Intervention (n = 182, 47.0%) Pvalueb Control (n = 455, 47.4%) Intervention (n = 504, 52.6%) Pvalueb
CHILD          
Gender 57.7 55.1 0.625 55.0 50.6 0.386 52.9 52.2 0.826
% female
Grades    0.349    0.250    0.016
% Grade 2 - -   - -   17.0 20.0  
% Grade 3 21.5 20.3   - -   17.0 18.8  
% Grade 4 21.5 22.2   - -   17.0 20.4  
% Grade 5 20.5 16.5   27.3 34.6   15.6 13.7  
% Grade 6 20.0 17.1   34.6 29.7   16.1 13.8  
% Grade 7 16.4 24.1   38.0 35.7   17.2 13.1  
Ethnic background    0.033    0.001    <0.001
% Dutch 29.3 41.1   17.6 29.7   24.2 35.5  
% Surinamese/Antillean 23.2 13.3   29.3 13.7   29.2 14.7  
% Moroccan/Turkish 30.8 27.2   33.2 32.4   27.3 32.9  
% Other/missing 16.7 18.4   20.0 24.2   19.3 16.9  
Weight status 24.5 22.1 0.600 26.7 24.3 0.600 25.1 21.6 0.207
% overweight or obese
CAREGIVER – if known          
Gender 82.5 88.7 0.109 - -   - -  
% female
Age (in years), mean (SD) 36.82 (6.60) 39.86 (6.62) <0.001 - -   - -  
Educational levelc    0.686    0.001    <0.001
% Unknown 2.5 2.5   20.0 33.0   24.4 37.1  
% Low 47.0 42.4   46.8 29.7   37.8 25.2  
% High 50.5 55.1   33.2 37.4   37.8 37.7  
  1. a = participants with complete data available at baseline and after one year of intervention; b = differences between intervention condition and control condition, as measured at baseline, tested with independent-samples t-test (continuous variables) and Chi-square test (categorical variables); c = caregiver’s educational level presented in the ‘child report’ and ‘observational report’ are based on data from the ‘parent report’. Note: numbers printed bold indicate significant P values.
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