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Table 2 Baseline nutrient intake for all children who completed baseline and follow-up collection (per day)

From: Evaluation of the impact of a school gardening intervention on children’s fruit and vegetable intake: a randomised controlled trial

  RHS-led (n = 312) Teacher-led (n = 329)
  Mean SE 95% CI Mean SE 95% CI
Energy (kcal) 2034 39.4 1956, 2111 1993 34.1 1925, 2059
Energy (KJ) 8552 164.9 8227, 8876 8375 143.0 8103, 8666
Protein (g) 75 1.8 71, 78 73 1.5 69, 75
Carbohydrate (g) 265 4.4 256, 273 267 4.3 259, 275
Fibre (Englyst) (g) 13 0.3 12, 13 13 0.3 12, 13
Fat (g) 82 2.3 77, 86 78 1.7 74, 81
Total sugars (g) 132 2.9 126, 137 134 2.6 128, 138
Iron (mg) 11 0.2 10, 11 11 0.2 10, 11
Calcium (mg) 861 21.6 818, 903 858 18.7 821, 895
Potassium (mg) 2771 54.7 2663, 2878 2784 51.3 2683, 2884
Sodium (mg) 2632 76.3 2481, 2782 2572 57.6 2458, 2685
Folate (μg) 227 5.3 216, 237 224 4.5 214, 232
Carotene (μg) 1956 98.8 1765, 2146 2352 101.7 2152, 2552
Vitamin A (retinol equiv) (μg) 400 25.1 350, 449 403 22.7 358, 448
Vitamin C (mg) 108 3.7 100, 115 105 3.5 98, 112
Total vegetables (non-pulses, bean, lentil, dahl or seed) (g) 87 4.4 78, 95 102 4.3 93, 110
Pulses, beans, seeds (g) 16 2.2 12, 20 21 2.4 16, 25
Total fruit (g) 201 9.3 183, 219 214 9.5 195, 232
Fruit (non-dried) (g) 201 9.1 182, 218 211 9.5 191, 229
Dried fruit (g) 3 0.6 1, 3 3 0.7 2, 4
Total fruit & vegetables (excluding pulses & beans) (g) 269 10.7 248, 290 300 10.5 278, 320
Sweets, toffees, mints (g) 5 0.7 3, 6 4 0.5 2, 4
Chocolate bars, Mars etc. (g) 9 1.0 6, 10 7 0.9 5, 9
Crisps, savoury snacks (g) 12 1.0 10, 14 10 0.8 8, 11
Milk or milky drink (ml) 138 8.9 120, 153 106 7.6 91, 120
Fizzy pop, squash, fruit drink (ml) 163 11.4 141, 185 163 11.8 139, 185
Fruit juice (pure) (ml) 119 8.5 102, 135 112 7.6 95, 126