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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of intervention and control groups

From: Dietary outcomes of a community based intervention for mothers of young children: a randomised controlled trial

Variables Intervention Control P-value
  N = 249 N = 272  
AGE 35.9 ± 4.3 35.6 ± 4.3 n.s.
BMI (kg/m2)    0.081
  <25 73 (54.5%) 116 (67.1%)  
 ≥ 25 and <30 47 (35.1%) 44 (25.4%)  
 ≥ 30 14 (10.4%) 13 (7.5%)  
Vegetable consumption    n.s.
  Below recommendation 212 (85.1%) 215 (79.0%)  
  Met Recommendation 35 (14.1%) 55 (20.2%)  
  Above Recommendation 2 (0.8%) 2 (0.7%)  
Fruit consumption    0.036
  Below recommendation 157 (63.3%) 143 (52.6%)  
  Met Recommendation 75 (30.2%) 101 (37.1%)  
  Above Recommendation 16 (6.5%) 28 (10.3%)  
Pregnant, breastfeeding or postpartum 103 (41.4%) 95 (34.9%) n.s.
Parity    n.s.
  1 child 82 (32.9%) 94 (34.6%)  
 ≥ 2 child 167 (67.1%) 178 (65.4%)  
Married or De facto 245 (98.8%) 265 (98.1%) n.s.
University degree or higher 127 (51.0%) 170 (62.5%) 0.008
Not employed 99 (39.8%) 94 (34.7%) n.s.
Annual household income (AUD)    n.s.
  <$51,000 32 (13.4%) 27 (10.1%)  
 ≥ $51,000 to < $101,000 95 (39.9%) 107 (39.9%)  
 ≥ $101,000 111 (46.6%) 134 (50.0%)  
SEIFA score    <0.0005
  Least disadvantaged 95 (38.6%) 147 (54.9%)  
  Less disadvantage 83 (33.7%) 21 (7.8%)  
  Average disadvantage 34 (13.8%) 55 (20.5%)  
  Disadvantaged 20 (8.1%) 36 (13.4%)  
  Most disadvantaged 14 (5.7%) 9 (3.4%)  
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, SEIFA socio-economic index for area. n.s.: p-value > 0.05.
  2. Adjusted for baseline value of the corresponding variable and mothers age.