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Table 8 Behaviour change technique content coding of more active travel promotion studies by effect size

From: Efficacy of behavioural interventions for transport behaviour change: systematic review, meta-analysis and intervention coding

Study name Bamberg 2006 [ [29]] Bamberg 2013 [ [30]] Aittasalo 2012 [ [27]] Bamberg 2013 [ [30]] Bamberg 2013 [ [30]] Ben-Elia 2011 [ [31]] Bamberg 2013 [ [30]] Bamberg 2013 [ [30]] Bamberg 2013 [ [30]]
Intervention arm name Intervention Dialog STEP Dialog Dialog Yeti Standardised Standardised Standardised
Outcome Public Transport Use (Proportion) Public Transport Use (summary score) Walking for transportation (duration) Walking (summary score) Cycling (summary score) Non-driving in rush hour Walking (summary score) Public Transport Use (summary score) Cycling (summary score)
Effect size1 0.47 0.41 0.18 0.05 0.03 0.00 −0.05 −0.06 −0.08
CALO-RE BCTs 2          
1   X X X X     
2    X       
5   X X X X     
7   X X X X     
8   X X X X     
10    X       
12   X   X X     
13       X    
15   X   X X     
16    X    X    
19    X    X    
20 X X X X X X X X X
21 X X X X X X X X X
28   X   X X     
35    X       
40   X   X X     
V1 BCTs          
Persuasive argument   X   X X     
Pros and Cons   X   X X     
Boost self-efficacy    X       
Additional BCTs          
Contextual constraints   X   X X     
Structural interventions          
Relocation X         
  1. Presence of a Behaviour Change Technique in an intervention arm is indicated by an X.
  2. 1Effect size from most effective (greatest increase in alternative, more active travel modes) through to least effective (decreases in active travel modes), where the effect size could be calculated.
  3. 21: Provide information on consequences of behaviour in general; 2: Provide information on consequences of behaviour to the individual; 5: Goal setting (behaviour); 7: Action planning; 8: Barrier identification/problem solving, 12: Prompt rewards contingent on effort or progress towards behaviour; 13: Provide rewards contingent on successful behaviour; 15: Prompting generalisation of a target behaviour; 16: Prompt self-monitoring of behaviour, 20: Provide information on where and when to perform the behaviour; 21: Provide instruction on how to perform the behaviour; 28: Facilitate social comparison; 40: Stimulate anticipation of future rewards.