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Table 2 Univariate associations between reported motivations to eat healthily and the factors (OR (95% CI) in 1,050 older persons)

From: Motivations to eat healthily in older Dutch adults - a cross sectional study

  N† Feeling fit (fit) N = 543 N† My current health N = 522 N† Body weight N = 412 N† To prevent disease N = 301 N† Taste preference N = 152 N† My current disease N = 89 N† Appearance N = 27
Gender               
Male 275 1.00 262 1.00 170 1.00 146 1.00 66 1.00 43 1.00 13 1.00
Female 268 0.76 (0.59-0.97) 260 0.79 (0.62-1.01) 242 1.49 (1.16-1.92) 155 0.93 (0.72-1.22) 86 1.20 (0.95-1.70) 46 0.96 (0.62-1.48) 14 0.97 (0.45-2.07)
Age (years)               
<65 171 1.00 161 1.00* 130 1.00 105 1.00 52 1.00 22 1.00 4 1.00
65-69 155 1.25 (0.91-1.72) 128 0.95 (0.69-1.31) 105 0.98 (0.71-1.36) 82 0.94 (0.66-1.33) 25 0.55 (0.33-0.91) 23 1.31 (0.71-2.40) 10 3.14 (0.97-10.12)
70-74 113 1.03 (0.73-1.45) 106 1.02 (0.73-1.44) 87 1.05 (0.74-1.48) 63 0.89 (0.61-1.29) 42 1.30 (0.83-2.03) 20 1.44 (0.76-2.70) 4 1.55 (0.38-6.25)
75+ 104 0.88 (0.63-1.24) 127 1.52 (1.08-2.14) 90 1.12 (0.79-1.58) 51 0.67 (0.46-0.99) 33 0.98 (0.61-1.57) 24 1.78 (0.97-3.24) 9 3.58 (1.09-11.76)
Income               
Low 128 1.33 (0.88-2.01) 125 0.78 (0.52-1.19) 108 1.40 (0.92-2.24) 57 0.40 (0.26-0.63) 41 1.83 (0.96-3.50) 26 1.99 (0.87-4.51) 9 1.31 (0.40-4.35)
Middle 351 1.39 (0.97-2.00) 316 0.70 (0.48-1.00) 253 1.11 (0.76-1.62) 183 0.51 (0.35-0.74) 97 1.58 (0.87-2.86) 55 1.53 (0.71-3.28) 14 0.75 (0.24-2.31)
High 64 1.00 81 1.00 51 1.00 61 1.00* 14 1.00 8 1.00 4 1.00
Education               
Low 110 0.84 (0.58-1.22) 122 1.27 (0.88-1.85) 98 1.32 (0.90-1.93) 52 0.43 (0.28-0.64) 34 1.94 (1.06-3.55) 31 1.98 (1.05-3.73) 6 0.95 (0.30-2.99)
Middle 319 1.01 (0.74-1.38) 297 1.07 (0.79-1.46) 235 1.12 (0.81-1.54) 160 0.52 (0.38-0.72) 100 2.20 (1.30-3.72) 42 0.94 (0.52-1.71) 15 0.90 (0.34-2.34)
High 114 1.00 103 1.00 79 1.00 89 1.00* 18 1.00 16 1.00* 6 1.00
Weight status               
Normal 169 1.00* 153 1.00 77 1.00* 93 1.00 42 1.00 28 1.00 5 1.00
Overweight 255 0.78 (0.59-1.04) 272 0.98 (0.74-1.30) 207 1.86 (1.36-2.53) 140 0.82 (0.60-1.12) 69 0.99 (0.66-1.50) 32 0.60 (0.36-1.00) 13 1.59 (0.56-4.50)
Obesity 115 0.72 (0.52-1.02) 84 0.46 (0.33-0.66) 122 2.84 (1.99-4.06) 64 0.80 (0.55-1.16) 41 1.31 (0.82-2.10) 26 1.09 (0.63-1.90) 9 2.37 (0.79-7.18)
Smoking               
Never 199 1.00 198 1.00 161 1.00 118 1.00 57 1.00 22 1.00* 11 1.00
Former 254 1.05 (0.81-1.37) 243 0.97 (0.75-1.27) 185 0.86 (0.66-1.13) 144 0.96 (0.72-1.28) 67 0.91 (0.63-1.33) 45 1.66 (0.98-2.79) 13 0.96 (0.43-2.17)
Current 87 1.06 (0.74-1.52) 78 0.86 (0.60-1.23) 62 0.83 (0.58-1.21) 36 0.63 (0.41-0.96) 26 1.06 (0.64-1.75) 21 2.35 (1.26-4.37) 3 1.64 (0.18-2.34)
Alcohol use               
Non drinker 110 1.00 115 1.00 89 1.00 63 1.00 30 1.00 37 1.00* 8 1.00
Moderate 316 1.26 (0.93-1.71) 291 0.98 (0.72-1.32) 229 1.01 (0.74-1.38) 166 1.04 (0.74-1.46) 90 1.20 (0.77-1.87) 39 0.37 (0.23-0.60) 7 0.82 (0.35-1.94)
Excessive 117 1.06 (0.73-1.52) 116 0.95 (0.66-1.37) 94 1.03 (0.71-1.50) 72 1.15 (0.77-1.72) 32 1.04 (0.61-1.77) 13 0.30 (0.16-0.58) 2 0.24 (0.05-1.12)
Chronic diseases**               
0 293 1.00* 259 1.00 193 1.00 150 1.00 68 1.00 20 1.00* 4 1.00
1 157 0.69 (0.52-0.91) 163 0.96 (0.73-1.27) 130 1.08 (0.81-1.44) 105 1.14 (0.84-1.53) 61 1.49 (1.02-2.17) 23 1.85 (0.73-2.23) 15 1.28 (0.53-3.13)
2 or more 93 0.65 (0.47-0.90) 100 0.97 (0.70-1.34) 89 1.32 (0.95-1.83) 46 0.72 (0.49-1.05) 23 0.85 (0.51-1.40) 46 7.30 (4.19-12.71) 5 1.65 (0.63-4.31)
Self-rated health               
Good 412 1.00 381 1.00 291 1.00 225 1.00 105 1.00 54 1.00 9 1.00
Poor 131 0.65 (0.50-0.86) 141 0.88 (0.67-1.15) 121 1.09 (0.83-1.43) 76 0.81 (0.60-1.09) 47 1.16 (0.80-1.68) 35 2.55 (2.91-7.14) 18 1.28 (0.57-2.87)
Walking disability               
No 503 1.00 472 1.00 370 1.00 276 1.00 139 1.00 66 1.00 22 1.00
Yes 38 0.55 (0.36-0.83) 49 0.98 (0.65-1.47) 41 1.09 (0.72-1.66) 25 0.82 (0.51-1.31) 13 0.87 (0.47-1.61) 22 3.78 (2.22-6.46) 5 2.22 (0.82-6.01)
Depressive symptoms               
No 501 1.00 482 1.00 376 1.00 277 1.00 142 1.00 72 1.00 25 1.00
Yes 42 0.89 (0.57-1.38) 40 0.88 (0.56-1.36) 36 1.13 (0.72-1.77) 24 0.96 (0.59-1.58) 10 0.77 (0.39-1.51) 17 3.06 (0.71-5.48) 2 0.90 (0.21-3.85)
  1. *Statistically significant trend across categories (P value <0.05).
  2. **Number of diet related chronic diseases.
  3. †Number of respondents that reported this motivation to eat healthily.