Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariate associations between reported motivations to eat healthily and the factors, adjusted for each other (OR (95% CI) in 1,050 older persons)

From: Motivations to eat healthily in older Dutch adults - a cross sectional study

  N† Feeling fit (fit) N = 543 N† Current health N = 522 N† Body weight N = 412 N† To prevent disease N = 301 N† Taste preference N = 152 N† Current disease N = 89 N† Appearance N = 27
Gender
Male 275 1.00 262 1.00 170 1.00 146 1.00 66 1.00 43 1.00 13 1.00
Female 268 0.74 (0.56-0.97) 260 0.76 (0.58-1.01) 242 1.52 (1.14-2.01) 155 1.00 (0.74-1.36) 86 1.13 (0.77-1.68) 46 0.75 (0.44-1.29) 14 0.85 (0.36-2.02)
Age (years)
<65 171 1.00 161 1.00* 130 1.00 105 1.00 52 1.00 22 1.00 4 1.00
65-69 155 1.31 (0.94-1.82) 128 1.00 (0.72-1.40) 105 0.90 (0.64-1.27) 82 0.99 (0.74-1.36) 25 0.54 (0.32-0.91) 23 0.95 (0.47-1.59) 10 2.87 (0.87-9.43)
70-74 113 1.18 (0.81-1.72) 106 1.13 (0.77-1.65) 87 0.88 (0.60-1.31) 63 0.99 (0.69-1.42) 42 1.17 (0.71-1.93) 20 0.74 (0.34-1.51) 4 1.40 (0.32-6.07)
75+ 104 1.07 (0.72-1.60) 127 1.81 (1.20-2.72) 90 0.98 (0.65-1.48) 51 0.73 (0.66-1.50) 33 0.78 (0.44-1.37) 24 0.70 (0.33-1.01) 9 2.95 (0.78-11.17)
Income
Low 128 1.79 (1.13-2.86) 125 0.65 (0.41-1.04) 108 1.33 (0.82-2.15) 57 0.52 (0.32-0.86) 41 1.57 (0.77-3.18) 26 0.96 (0.37-2.45) 9 0.96 (0.24-3.89)
Middle 351 1.58 (1.08-2.32) 316 0.61 (0.41-0.90) 253 1.10 (0.73-1.63) 183 0.57 (0.39-0.85) 97 1.45 (0.78-2.69) 55 1.12 (0.49-2.58) 14 0.67 (0.20-2.21)
High 64 1.00* 81 1.00 51 1.00 61 1.00* 14 1.00 8 1.00 4 1.00
Education
Low 110 1.04 (0.68-1.60) 122 1.69 (1.09-2.60) 98 1.00 (0.64-1.55) 52 0.43 (0.27-0.70) 34 1.55 (0.79-3.04) 31 1.09 (0.49-2.40) 6 0.67 (0.18-2.54)
Middle 319 1.06 (0.80-1.56) 297 1.32 (0.95-1.85) 235 0.89 (0.63-1.25) 160 0.55 (0.39-0.78) 100 1.86 (1.08-3.24) 42 0.69 (0.35-1.37) 15 0.71 (0.14-2.03)
High 114 1.00 103 1.00* 79 1.00 89 1.00* 18 1.00 16 1.00 6 1.00
Weight status
Normal 169 1.00* 153 1.00 77 1.00* 93 1.00 42 1.00 28 1.00 5 1.00
Overweight 255 0.74 (0.55-1.00) 272 1.00 (0.74-1.34) 207 1.98 (1.43-2.73) 140 0.86 (0.62-1.19) 69 0.85 (0.55-1.31) 32 0.56 (0.31-1.01) 13 1.58 (0.54-4.57)
Obesity 115 0.84 (0.58-1.22) 84 0.47 (0.32-0.69) 122 2.78 (1.88-4.11) 64 0.86 (0.57-1.30) 41 1.17 (0.70-1.97) 26 0.52 (0.26-1.03) 9 1.89 (0.57-6.25)
Smoking
Never 199 1.00 198 1.00 161 1.00 118 1.00 57 1.00 22 1.00 11 1.00
Former 254 1.03 (0.76-1.38) 243 0.97 (0.72-1.31) 185 0.89 (0.65-1.21) 144 0.99 (0.72-1.37) 67 0.82 (0.53-1.25) 45 1.65 (0.88-3.09) 13 1.16 (0.46-2.92)
Current 87 1.02 (0.69-1.50) 78 0.79 (0.53-1.16) 62 0.86 (0.57-1.28) 36 0.67 (0.43-1.06) 26 1.10 (0.64-1.88) 21 1.87 (0.90-3.88) 3 0.86 (0.22-3.29)
Alcohol use
Non drinker 110 1.00 115 1.00 89 1.00 63 1.00 30 1.00 37 1.00* 8 1.00
Moderate 316 1.07 (0.75-1.51) 291 1.00 (0.70-1.42) 229 1.27 (0.89-1.82) 166 0.76 (0.52-1.12) 90 1.41 (0.86-2.33) 39 0.55 (0.30-1.00) 7 0.83 (0.31-2.22)
Excessive 117 0.88 (0.58-1.33) 116 0.96 (0.63-1.46) 94 1.40 (0.91-2.16) 72 0.81 (0.51-1.28) 32 1.32 (0.72-2.43) 13 0.37 (0.17-0.83) 2 0.23 (0.05-1.22)
Chronic diseases**
0 293 1.00 259 1.00 193 1.00 150 1.00 68 1.00 20 1.00* 4 1.00
1 157 0.73 (0.55-0.98) 163 0.97 (0.72-1.30) 130 1.04 (0.77-1.41) 105 1.16 (0.84-1.60) 61 1.46 (0.98-2.20) 23 1.53 (0.78-2.99) 15 1.00 (0.38-2.61)
2 or more 93 0.75 (0.52-1.10) 100 1.00 (0.68-1.47) 89 1.26 (0.85-1.85) 46 0.75 (0.49-1.17) 23 0.78 (0.44-1.40) 46 4.41 (2.31-8.44) 5 1.31 (0.44-3.88)
Self-rated health
Good 412 1.00 381 1.00 291 1.00 225 1.00 105 1.00 54 1.00 9 1.00
Poor 131 0.74 (0.54-1.02) 141 0.92 (0.66-1.27) 121 0.90 (0.65-1.26) 76 1.02 (0.71-1.47) 47 1.27 (0.82-1.98) 35 2.13 (1.22-3.73) 18 0.84 (0.32-2.22)
Walking disability
No 503 1.00 472 1.00 370 1.00 276 1.00 139 1.00 66 1.00 22 1.00
Yes 38 0.78 (0.47-1.29) 49 1.16 (0.70-1.94) 41 1.76 (0.45-1.29) 25 1.02 (0.58-1.82) 13 0.54 (0.25-1.16) 22 1.64 (0.80-3.36) 5 1.76 (0.50-6.20)
Depressive symptoms
No 501 1.00 482 1.00 376 1.00 277 1.00 142 1.00 72 1.00 25 1.00
Yes 42 1.01 (0.62-1.66) 40 0.87 (0.53-1.45) 36 1.12 (0.67-1.86) 24 1.13 (0.66-1.96) 10 0.74 (0.35-1.57) 17 1.18 (0.54-2.58) 2 0.92 (0.20-4.29)
  1. *Statistically significant trend across categories (P value <0.05).
  2. **Number of diet related chronic diseases.
  3. †Number of respondents that reported this motivation to eat healthily.