Skip to main content

Table 10 Summary statistics for hypothesized moderators of children’s physical activity and parental support; fixed and random effects analyses (using corrected r values)

From: Parental correlates in child and adolescent physical activity: a meta-analysis

Variable Q b p k Random effects Fixed effects SE Q w I 2
r 95% CI r 95% CI
Parental support           
Composite-summary    34 .38 .30-.46 .38 .37-.39 .03 1204.70* 97.26
Coactivity    12 .28 .03-.50 .29 .27-.31 .13 2237.45* 99.51
Encouragement    19 .34 .25-.41 .36 .34-.37 .02 537.72* 96.65
Praise    6 .15 -.03-.32 .15 .11-.19 .04 88.49* 94.35
Watching    5 .16 .05-.27 .13 .10-.16 .01 30.47* 86.87
Transportation    6 .22 .12-.31 .16 .14-.19 .01 38.08* 86.87
Equipment    12 .21 .15-.27 .21 .17-.24 .01 32.49* 66.14
Monitoring    4 .14 -.03-.30 .22 .17-.27 .03 18.33* 83.64
Developmental age           
Overall/composite           
2-5.4 yrs 2.02 .37 7 .30 .18-.41 .28 .24-.33 .02 36.83* 83.71
5.5-12.4 yrs    10 .35 .21-.47 .38 .37-.40 .04 328.95* 97.26
12.5-19 yrs    17 .42 .29-.55 .40 .38-.41 .05 818.32* 98.05
Encouragement           
2-5.4 yrs 0.48 .79 5 .29 .10-.45 .14 .10-.18 .04 30.90* 87.05
5.5-12.4 yrs    8 .36 .23-.48 .31 .28-.34 .03 103.89* 93.26
12.5-19 yrs    6 .34 .21-.45 .41 .40-.43 .03 213.24* 97.66
Measurement of PA           
Overall/composite           
Objective 19.53 <.01 11 .20 .13-.26 .21 .18-.24 .01 29.97 66.63
Self-report    23 .46 .37-.55 .41 .40-.43 .03 1047.24* 97.90
Encouragement           
Objective .00 .98 7 .34 .14-.51 .34 .27-.40 .05 38.83* 84.55
Reported    12 .34 .24-.43 .36 .34-.37 .02 498.52* 97.79
Quality           
Overall/composite        .    
High .57 .45 7 .48 .17-.71 .38 36-.41 .18 659.51* 99.09
Moderate/low    24 .37 .29-.44 .41 .40-.43 .02 445.01* 94.83
Geographical Locationa           
Overall/composite           
USA 2.80 .25 21 .33 .25-.41 .37 .36-.39 .04 408.09* 95.10
AUS/NZ    4 .59 -.14-.90 .69 .66-.73 .68 438.27* 99.32
EUR    6 .45 .32-.56 .40 .37-.43 .03 75.55* 93.38
Encouragement           
USA 2.87 .09 13 .36 .27-.44 .33 .30-.35 .03 105.40* 88.62
EUR    4 .20 .04-.35 .28 .26-.30 .03 125.39* 97.61
  1. Note: *p < .001; asome countries excluded from the analysis based on < 4 effect sizes.