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Table 1 Changes in anthropometrics, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and dietary intake during transition to higher education

From: Changes in weight, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and dietary intake during the transition to higher education: a prospective study

  Boys (n = 97) Girls (n = 194 ) F timexgender df = (1, 289) p timexgender F time df = (1, 289) p time
High school College/university High school College/university
Anthropometrics         
Weight (kg) 68.5 ± 8.5 72.7 ± 9.9 59.8 ± 7.4 61.7 ± 8.1 20.8 <0.001 156.5 <0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 21.1 ± 2.5 22.6 ± 3.1 21.3 ± 2.4 21.9 ± 2.5 22.6 <0.001 145.3 <0.001
Waist circumference (cm) 76.9 ± 7.0 78.7 ± 7.6 72.8 ± 8.2 72.3 ± 5.6 7.8 0.006 2.6 0.11
Physical activity (min/week)         
Active transportation 337 ± 217 224 ± 141 287 ± 188 212 ± 124 2.0 0.154 48.8 <0.001
Sport participation 241 ± 239 138 ± 183 158 ± 201 98 ± 137 3.5 0.062 50.2 <0.001
Sedentary behaviour (min/day) 1         
TV/DVD viewing 88.9 ± 49.2 72.6 ± 45.8 86.9 ± 54.3 77.6 ± 47.8 1.0 0.31 13.9 <0.001
Playing computer/video games 32.2 ± 45.6 23.8 ± 41.6 4.4 ± 15.8 3.0 ± 12.4 4.8 0.03 9.5 0.002
Internet use (not for school) 66.8 ± 48.6 89.8 ± 56.1 78.3 ± 57.2 91.9 ± 60.1 1.6 0.21 24.6 <0.001
Studying (writing, reading, computer use) 84.2 ± 54.9 114.5 ± 65.6 123.0 ± 55.5 144.0 ± 56.4 1.1 0.29 34.3 <0.001
Sitting while listening to music 54.1 ± 64.7 63.9 ± 71.3 59.8 ± 67.0 54.6 ± 70.4 2.3 0.12 0.2 0.63
Sitting while phoning or texting 19.5 ± 29.3 26.3 ± 31.5 35.5 ± 43.0 33.6 ± 44.0 1.9 0.17 0.6 0.44
Sitting to hang out or talk with friends or family 69.2 ± 54.7 84.8 ± 61.3 91.1 ± 62.9 99.4 ± 62.6 0.6 0.43 6.8 0.01
Reading book or magazine (not for school) 22.4 ± 28.9 21.2 ± 29.3 21.2 ± 21.9 21.9 ± 25.0 0.34 0.56 0.04 0.85
Doing inactive hobbies 29.9 ± 39.7 26.2 ± 36.9 34.1 ± 46.7 20.6 ± 36.9 2.5 0.11 7.9 0.005
Sitting in motorized transport 21.2 ± 17.0 17.4 ± 20.7 25.7 ± 28.6 19.9 ± 19.9 0.4 0.53 8.4 0.004
Dietary intake (consumptions/week)         
Fruits and vegetables index2 17.8 ± 7.8 14.1 ± 8.0 21.7 ± 7.0 18.6 ± 8.3 0.4 0.534 45.2 <0.001
Fiber index3 24.9 ± 10.4 19,5 ± 10.6 30.7 ± 10.2 25.8 ± 11.0 0.2 0.665 62,4 <0.001
Calcium index4 18.1 ± 10.8 12.8 ± 8.4 21.2 ± 11.3 16.5 ± 11.0 0.1 0.702 54.7 <0.001
Variety index5 43.0 ± 17.3 32.3 ± 15.9 51.9 ± 16.7 42.3 ± 17.7 0.3 0.591 101.9 <0.001
Excess index6 16.9 ± 9.5 13.7 ± 8.5 13.3 ± 8.4 10.7 ± 8.2 0.3 0.575 28.4 <0.001
Alcohol 4.9 ± 4.9 10.3 ± 10.4 3.0 ± 3.4 4.5 ± 4.1 35.0 <0.001 106.8 <0.001
  1. 1Responses for weekday and weekend day were multiplied by the appropriate days per week (5 for weekday and 2 for weekend day) and summed to obtain the final score for each sedentary behaviour in hours per week.
  2. 2summation of consumption frequencies of fruit and vegetables.
  3. 3summation of consumption frequencies of fruit, vegetables and brown bread.
  4. 4summation of consumption frequencies of whole fat milk, semi-skimmed milk, cheese and other milk products.
  5. 5summation of consumption frequencies of fruits, vegetables, brown bread, whole fat milk, semi-skimmed milk, cheese and other milk products.
  6. 6summation of consumption frequency of carbonated sugared soft drinks, sweets, chips and crisps (4 popular food items of low nutritional value).