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Table 3 Methodological quality and risk of bias assessment

From: Teaching approaches and strategies that promote healthy eating in primary school children: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Paper author/year Assessment items  
A B C D E F G H I J No. of criteria met
  Randomised controlled trials
Francis et al. (2010) [40] x x x 7
  Quasi-experimental trials
Auld et al. (1998) [43] x x x x x 5
Bell & Lamb (1973) [44] x x x x x 5
Edwards & Hermann (2011) [45] x x x x x x x 3
Fahlman et al. (2008) [46] x x x x x x x x 2
Friel et al. (1999) [47] x x x x x x 4
Gortmaker et al. (1999) [48] x x x x 6
Govula et al. (2007) [30] x x x x x x x 3
Horne et al. (2004) [31] x x x x x x x 3
Liquori et al. (1998) USA, NR [49] x x x x x x x x 2
Manios et al. (2002) [50] x x x x 6
McAleese & Rankin (2007) [36] x x x x x x x x 2
Morgan et al. (2010) [51] x x x 7
Simmons-Morton et al. (1991) [52] x x x x x x x x 2
  Cluster-controlled trials
Agozzino et al. (2007) [53] x x x x x x x x 2
Amaro et al. (2005) [54] x x x x 6
Anderson et al. (2005) [55] x x x x x x x 3
Baronowski et al. (2000) [32] x x x 7
Bere et al. (2006) [56] x x x x x 5
Cooke (2011) [57] x x x x x x 4
Day et al. (2008) [58] x x x x x 5
Domel et al. (1993) [59] x x x x x 5
Duncan et al. (2011) [60] x x x x x 5
Foster et al. (2008) [61] x x x x x 5
Gorely et al. (2009) [62] x x x 7
Head (1974) [63] x x x x x x x x x 1
Hendy et al. [64] x x x x x 5
Hoffman et al. (2010) [65] x x x x 6
James et al. (2005) [33] x x 8
Kipping (2010) [66] x 9
Kristjansdottir et al. (2010) [67] x x x x x 5
Luepker et al. (1996) [68] x x x 7
Mangunkusumo et al. (2007) [69] x x 8
Muth (2008) [70] x x x 7
Panunzio et al. (2007) [71] x x x x x 5
Parcel et al. (1989) [72] x x x x x 5
Parmer (2009) [73] x x x x x x 4
Perry et al. (1998) [74] x x x x x 5
Perry et al. (1985) [75] x x x x x x x 3
Powers et al. (2005) [76] x x x x x x x x 2
Quinn et al. (2003) [77] x x x x x x x 3
Resnicow et al. (1998) [78] x x x x x x x 3
Reynolds et al. (2000) [79] x x x x 6
Sahota et al. (2001) [80] x x x x 6
Shannon & Chen (1988) [81] x x x x x x 4
Smolak et al. (1998) [82] x x x x x x 4
Spiegel & Foulk (2006) [83] x x x x x x 4
Taylor et al. (2007) [34] x x x x 6
te Velde et al. (2007) [84] x x x x 6
  1. √ = criteria met; x = criteria not met.