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Table 10 Overall co-benefits by setting summary scores

From: Co-benefits of designing communities for active living: an exploration of literature

Built environment attribute Physical health Mental health Social benefits Environmental sustainability Safety/injury prevention Economic benefits
Open spaces/Parks/Trails [+++] 57.5 + 3.5(0) [+++] 93+ [+++] 42.5 + 4(0) [+++] 20 + 4(0) [+++] 23+ [+++] 19 + 4(0)
Urban design [+++] 105 + 54(0) 19- [+++] 31 + 4- [+++] 80.5 + 29(0) [+++] 265.5 + 45.5(0) 3.5- [−−−] 13.5(0) 18.5- [+++] 69 + 10.5(0) 4-
Transportation systems [0] 7 + 3.5- [0] 3 + 3.5(0) [+++] 23+ [+++] 70 + 21(0) 3- [+++] 67 + 14(0) 4- [+++] 56 + 3.5(0) 4-
Schools [+++] 19.5 + 3.5(0) [+++] 21+ [++] 11+ [+++] 21.5+ [0] 4 + 3- [+++] 15+
Workplaces/Buildings [+++] 55 + 3.5(0) [++] 18.5 + 4-   [+++] 20.5+   [+++] 48 + 3.5(0)