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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Child behaviors associated with childhood obesity and parents’ self-efficacy to handle them: Confirmatory factor analysis of the Lifestyle Behavior Checklist

Variable Total population (n = 478) Clinical sample (n = 47) School sample (n = 431)  
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD p
Continuous        
Child’s age (years) 5.5 1.0 5.1 0.7 5.5 1.0 <0.001
Parent’s age (years) 38.9 5.0 37.6 7.2 39.0 4.7 0.19
Child BMI SDS 0.2 1.4 3.1 0.7 -0.2 1.0 <0.001
Mother BMI 23.1 3.9 27.6 5.8 23.3 3.3 <0.001
Father BMI 25.5 2.9 26.9 3.7 25.3 2.8 0.11
Categorical n % n % n %  
Child gender        0.90
Female 249 52 25 53 224 52  
Male 227 48 22 49 205 48  
Parent gender        0.65
Female 388 81 37 79 351 81  
Male 90 19 10 21 80 19  
Country of origin        <0.001
Nordic 411 87 26 55 385 90  
Non-Nordic 64 13 21 45 43 10  
Language at home        <0.001
Swedish 433 91 26 55 407 95  
Other 31 9 21 45 21 5  
Mother’s education        <0.001
University degree 274 71 17 46 257 74  
No university degree 111 29 20 54 91 26  
Father’s education        0.72
University degree 58 65 6 60 52 66  
No university degree 31 35 4 40 27 34  
  1. Note BMI SDS = Body mass standard deviation score. BMI = Body mass index. Country of origin: Nordic = Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish and Danish origin. Mother’s and father’s education: No university degree = high school grad 12 or lower. Independent two tailed t-tests and Chi square tests were used to compare the school sample and the clinical sample with a significance level of p < 0.05.