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Table 3 Group means and differences for the Lifestyle Behavior Checklist’s items and scales

From: Child behaviors associated with childhood obesity and parents’ self-efficacy to handle them: Confirmatory factor analysis of the Lifestyle Behavior Checklist

   Problem scale    Confidence scale   
   Normal weight Overweight/ obese    Normal weight Overweight/ obese   
   (N = 332) (N = 84)    (N = 332) (N = 84)   
Item my child… M SD M SD F p M SD M SD F p
1. Eats too quickly 1.4 0.9 2.6 1.8 117.1 <0.001 8.7 2.1 7.9 2.3 5.1 0.01
2. Eats too much 1.2 0.7 3.5 2.1 363.9 <0.001 8.6 2.1 7.6 2.3 3.6 <0.001
3. Eats unhealthy snack meals 1.8 1.1 2.3 1.3 7.9 0.001 8.5 2.1 8.0 2.4 3.3 0.06
4. Grumbles or complains about food 3.2 1.7 3.1 1.9 1.7 0.47 8.1 2.1 8.1 2.1 0.1 0.99
5. Shouts about food 1.4 0.9 2.1 1.7 56.5 <0.001 8.7 2.1 8.4 2.2 0.4 0.22
6. Has anger tantrums about food 1.4 0.9 1.9 1.6 46.9 <0.001 8.5 2.2 8.4 2.2 0.1 0.74
7. Refuses to eat some foods (i.e. is fussy with food) 3.3 1.8 2.8 1.9 0.3 0.02 7.9 2.3 7.9 2.5 1.0 1.00
8. Argues about food (e.g. when you say That’s enough, no more) 1.4 0.9 2.7 1.8 113.5 <0.001 8.6 2.0 8.1 2.1 0.2 0.02
9. Wants extra portions at meals 1.7 1.1 3.1 2.0 66.5 <0.001 8.8 2.0 7.9 2.3 6.8 <0.001
10. Constantly asks for food between meals 1.7 1.0 2.7 1.8 65.7 <0.001 8.7 2.0 7.9 2.3 2.8 0.001
11. Wants food when you are out shopping or doing other things outside the home 1.8 1.1 2.7 1.8 45.0 <0.001 8.7 1.9 7.9 2.7 12.0 0.002
12. Sneaks food when they know they are not supposed to 1.1 0.4 1.9 1.5 154.6 <0.001 8.7 2.2 8.1 2.5 4.9 0.03
13. Hides food 1.0 0.2 1.2 1.0 50.1 <0.001 8.7 2.2 8.3 2.7 6.6 0.17
14. Takes food from others (e.g. family members or children) 1.0 0.3 1.5 1.2 120.3 <0.001 8.8 2.1 8.5 2.5 2.6 0.19
15. Eats for comfort when feeling let down or depressed 1.1 0.4 1.6 1.3 119.4 <0.001 8.4 2.4 8.2 2.4 0.001 0.38
16. Watches too much TV 2.7 1.5 3.2 1.6 0.1 0.006 8.1 2.1 7.8 2.1 0.1 0.20
17. Spends too much time playing video or computer games. 2.5 1.5 2.5 1.7 0.9 0.76 8.0 2.2 8.3 2.2 0.002 0.42
18. Complains about having to be physically active (e.g. This is boring, I’m tired, My leg hurts) 1.8 1.1 2.6 1.8 60.8 <0.001 8.4 2.1 8.1 2.2 0.3 0.42
19. Does not want to be physically active 1.5 0.9 1.8 1.4 24.4 0.003 8.4 2.1 8.2 2.3 1.8 0.52
20. Complains about not having enough energy 1.8 1.1 2.2 1.6 21.3 0.004 8.3 2.1 8.1 2.2 <0.001 0.53
21. Complains about being overweight 1.0 0.1 1.4 1.0 190.6 <0.001 8.3 2.4 7.7 2.7 1.5 0.6
22. Complains about being teased 1.2 0.6 1.6 1.2 37.0 <0.001 7.9 2.6 7.5 2.7 0.6 0.24
23. Complains about not having enough friends 1.3 0.9 1.3 0.8 0.5 0.58 7.8 2.6 7.9 2.5 1.4 0.76
24. Complains about not looking good 1.1 0.5 1.2 0.6 10.5 0.08 8.1 2.6 8.0 2.7 0.003 0.80
25. Complains about clothes being too small 1.1 0.4 1.7 1.5 135.5 <0.001 8.6 2.2 8.4 2.3 0.5 0.39
  Total Problem scale score 40.5 10.1 53.2 18.1 63.5 <0.001       
  Total Confidence scale score 210.4 45.8 202.9 41.3 0.5 0.19       
  1. Note Independent two tailed t-tests were used to compare group means with a significance level of p < 0.05 for the Lifestyle Behavior Checklist’s (LBC) individual items and for the total score of the Problem and Confidence scales for parents to normal weight and overweight/obese children.