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Table 1 Frequency of eating meals out by socio-demographic variables; UK National Diet & Nutrition Survey 2008-12

From: Frequency and socio-demographic correlates of eating meals out and take-away meals at home: cross-sectional analysis of the UK national diet and nutrition survey, waves 1–4 (2008–12)

Variable Level Distribution, % 1 (95% CI) 1-2/week or more, % (95% CI) Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Mutually adjusted OR (95% CI)
All adults (n = 2001) 100 27.1 (25.0 – 29.4) -- --
Gender Male 49.1 (46.7 – 51.6) 28.8 (25.5 – 32.2) Reference Reference
  Female 50.9 (48.4 – 53.3) 25.6 (22.8 – 28.6) 0.90 (0.70 – 1.15) 0.89 (0.70 – 1.14)
Age (years) 19-29 18.2 (16.1 – 20.5) 41.0 (34.4 – 47.9) Reference Reference
  30-39 17.4 (15.7 – 19.2) 21.9 (17.7 – 26.7) 0.39 (0.26 – 0.58) 0.35 (0.23 – 0.54)
  40-49 19.2 (17.4 – 21.1) 24.7 (20.5 – 29.4) 0.47 (0.32 – 0.70) 0.43 (0.29 – 0.65)
  50-59 15.8 (14.2 – 17.6) 25.7 (21.1 – 31.0) 0.51 (0.34 – 0.77) 0.48 (0.32 – 0.73)
  60-69 14.0 (12.4 – 15.7) 20.1 (15.3 – 25.8) 0.36 (0.22 – 0.57) 0.34 (0.21 – 0.56)
  >69 15.4 (13.7 – 17.3) 27.6 (22.3 – 33.7) 0.58 (0.37 – 0.90) 0.57 (0.35 – 0.90)
NS-SEC Routine & manual 35.4 (33.1 – 37.8) 20.8 (17.7 – 24.3) Reference Reference
  Intermediate 20.5 (18.6 – 22.5) 29.7 (24.8 – 35.0) 1.76 (1.24 – 2.49) 1.89 (1.33 – 2.69)
  Managerial & professional 44.1 (41.7 – 46.6) 31.1 (27.7 – 34.7) 1.81 (1.37 – 2.41) 1.95 (1.43 – 2.65)
Age left education (years) <16 24.1 (21.9 – 26.5) 24.2 (19.8 – 29.3) Reference Reference
  16-17 35.5 (33.0 – 38.0) 25.7 (22.0 – 29.7) 1.08 (0.78 – 1.50) 0.97 (0.68 – 1.40)
  >17 40.4 (37.8 – 43.0) 29.5 (25.7 – 33.6) 1.31 (0.95 – 1.80) 1.01 (0.69 – 1.48)
All children (n = 1963) 100 19.0 (17.2 – 21.0) -- --
Gender Male 52.0 (49.5 – 54.4) 20.0 (17.4 – 22.8) Reference Reference
  Female 48.0 (45.6 – 50.5) 18.0 (15.5 – 20.8) 0.88 (0.67 – 1.14) 0.87 (0.66 – 1.13)
Age (years) 0-4 19.6 (17.9 – 21.5) 21.0 (17.4 – 25.1) Comparator Comparator
  5-9 28.4 (26.2 – 30.6) 17.3 (14.2 – 21.0) 0.82 (0.57 – 1.16) 0.81 (0.57 – 1.16)
  10-14 28.4 (26.2 – 30.8) 13.5 (10.6 – 17.0) 0.61 (0.42 – 0.89) 0.61 (0.42 – 0.89)
  15-18 23.5 (21.4 – 25.8) 26.1 (21.8 – 31.0) 1.25 (0.87 – 1.81) 1.27 (0.88 – 1.82)
NS-SEC Routine & manual 37.0 (34.6 – 39.5) 17.9 (15.0 – 21.3) Reference Reference
  Intermediate 20.0 (18.1 – 22.1) 21.4 (17.3 – 26.2) 1.34 (0.93 – 1.94) 1.35 (0.93 – 1.96)
  Managerial & professional 43.0 (40.6 – 45.4) 18.8 (16.2 – 21.7) 1.10 (0.81 – 1.48) 1.12 (0.83 – 1.52)
  1. 1weighted percentages that correct for selective non-response.
  2. CI: confidence intervals; NS-SEC: National Statistics Socio-economic Classification.
  3. Bold indicates statistically significantly different from reference category at p < 0.05.