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Table 4 Comparisons of models with cross-lagged effects freely estimated across child gender and models with constrained cross-lagged effects, for waist-height ratio

From: Parental feeding practices and child weight status in Mexican American families: a longitudinal analysis

Model S-Bχ 2 df p S-Bχ 2 ∆df p
Mothers       
 Restriction Free 39.56 36 0.31    
 Restriction Constrained 92.43 49 <0.001 54.57 13 <0.001
 Pressure Free 20.89 36 0.98    
 Pressure Constrained 102.103 49 <0.001 67.20 13 <0.001
 Control Free 24.21 36 0.93    
 Control Constrained 82.31 49 <0.01 59.40 13 <0.001
Fathers       
 Restriction Free 47.06 36 0.10    
 Restriction Constrained 82.90 49 <0.01 36.06 13 <0.001
 Pressure Free 38.85 36 0.34    
 Pressure Constrained 97.07 49 <0.001 46.44 13 <0.001
 Involvement Free 42.65 36 0.21    
 InvolvementConstrained 113.24 49 <0.001 58.64 13 <0.001
  1. Note. S-Bχ 2: Satorra-Bentler χ 2 for ∆S-Bχ 2: Satorra-Bentler difference χ 2
  2. ∆df: difference in degrees of freedom between nested models
  3. p: p-value for ∆S-Bχ 2