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Table 5 The mediating (indirect) effects of self-determined motivation in the relationship between psychological need satisfaction and exercise across gender and age group

From: Need satisfaction, motivational regulations and exercise: moderation and mediation effects

Bootstrap results for indirect effects
Indirect effects Men (95 % CI) Women (95 % CI) Younger (18–45) (95 % CI) Older (46–78) (95 % CI) Full sample (95 % CI)
Controlled motivation −1.91* (−6.83–−0.37) 0.12 (−0.44–0.58) −0.16 (−1.09–0.37) −0.59 (−3.73–0.22) 0.29 (−0.44–1.03)
Autonomous motivation 4.30* (1.60–6.49) 5.60* (4.31–6.90) 7.28* (4.25–10.14)* 3.98* (2.30–5.66) 2.35* (0.99–3.71)
Amotivation 0.71* (0.10–2.27) 0.45 (−0.09–0.99) 0.71 (−0.29–1.81) 0.43 (−0.40–1.45) 0.49* (0.06–0.92)
External regulation −2.27* (−7.60–−0.50) 0.16 (−0.28–0.57) −0.13 (−1.07–0.44) −0.49 (−2.89–0.26) −0.39 (−1.40–0.11)
Introjected regulation 1.48* (0.35–4.26) −0.10 (−0.53–0.26) −0.10 (−1.00–0.20) −0.05 (−0.91–0.18) −0.09 (−0.38–0.02)
Identified regulation 2.95 (−5.94–7.69) 2.72* (1.57–3.93) 3.06 (−0.24–7.56) 2.57 (−0.41–4.79) 2.70* (1.05–4.10)
Intrinsic motivation 3.17* (0.88–6.05) 1.39 (−0.11–2.83) −0.82 (−4.94–3.07) 1.12 (−0.38–2.75) 1.83* (0.49–3.12)
  1. Note: αβ = product-of-coefficient estimate (95 % bias-corrected and accelerated bootstrap CI based on 1000 bootstrap resamples); Controlled motivation = external regulation + introjected regulation); Autonomous motivation = identified regulation + intrinsic motivation; * p < .05