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Table 3 Unadjusted and adjusted marginal logistic regression models of the odds of consuming at least 2 serves of fruit or 3 serves of vegetables per day by neighbourhood SES*

From: Neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and fruit and vegetable consumption: a seven countries comparison

  SESAWa New Zealand Health Survey PHS Edmontonb GLOBEc HEPd GGHBHAWe NHS-LMAf
  (N = 1458) (N = 12141) (N = 3153) (N = 634) (N = 919) (N = 1711) (N = 7660)
Fruit intake OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Unadjusted        
Neighbourhood SES        
Medium 1.35 (1.00, 1.82) 1.41 (1.28, 1.56) 1.10 (0.91, 1.34) - 1.10 (0.77, 1.58) 1.79 (1.29, 2.48) 1.03 (0.74, 1.41)
High 1.48 (1.11, 1.98) 1.61 (1.41, 1.83) 1.31 (1.11, 1.53) 1.10 (0.81, 1.48) 1.17 (0.81, 1.67) 2.71 (1.85, 3.96) 0.96 (0.71, 1.30)
Adjusted        
Neighbourhood SES        
Medium 1.18 (0.87, 1.60) 1.29 (1.16, 1.43) 1.05 (0.86, 1.28) - 1.09 (0.76, 1.56) 1.61 (1.17, 2.23) 0.98 (0.69, 1.38)
High 1.10 (0.80, 1.50) 1.42 (1.25, 1.62) 1.21 (1.03, 1.42) 1.05 (0.74, 1.47) 1.17 (0.81, 1.68) 2.07 (1.39, 3.09) 0.93 (0.68, 1.27)
Vegetable intake OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Unadjusted        
Neighbourhood SES        
Medium 1.94 (1.36, 2.75) 1.53 (1.35, 1.73) 1.32 (1.07, 1.63) - 1.43 (0.99, 2.04) 0.93 (0.59, 1.46) 1.62 (1.21, 2.17)
High 2.17 (1.56, 3.01) 1.57 (1.33, 1.85) 1.51 (1.24, 1.83) 1.31 (0.83, 2.08) 1.19 (0.81, 1.74) 1.00 (0.54, 1.87) 1.75 (1.31, 2.33)
Adjusted        
Neighbourhood SES        
Medium 1.79 (1.26, 2.53) 1.41 (1.25, 1.60) 1.19 (0.96, 1.48) - 1.41 (0.98, 2.02) 0.88 (0.56, 1.39) 1.56 (1.14, 2.13)
High 1.74 (1.22, 2.48) 1.44 (1.22, 1.70) 1.29 (1.06, 1.57) 1.21 (0.71, 2.06) 1.18 (0.80, 1.73) 0.97 (0.52, 1.79) 1.68 (1.25, 2.62)
  1. Results in bold indicate p < 0.05
  2. *Sample sizes omit those with missing data across all variables
  3. aSESAW = SocioEconomic Status and Activity in Women study. bPHS Edmonton = Edmonton Population Health Survey. cGLOBE = Health and Living Conditions of the Population of Eindhoven study. dHEP = Healthy Environments Partnership study. eGGHBHAW = Greater Glasgow Health Board Health and Wellbeing survey.fNHS-LMA = National Health Survey for the Lisbon Metropolitan Area