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Table 3 Odds of having confidence using eight cooking techniques, National Diet & Nutrition Survey, 2008–09, n = 509

From: Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of cooking skills in UK adults: cross-sectional analysis of data from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey

Variable & level Boiling, odds ratio (95 % CI) Steaming, poaching, odds ratio (95 % CI) Frying, odds ratio (95 % CI) Stir frying, odds ratio (95 % CI) Grilling, odds ratio (95 % CI) Oven-baking, roasting, odds ratio (95 % CI) Stewing, braising, casseroling, odds ratio (95 % CI) Microwaving, odds ratio (95 % CI)
Gender
 Men Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Women 2.97 (1.24–7.08) 2.26 (1.43–2.60) 0.77 (0.42–1.39) 1.64 (1.05–2.55) 1.99 (1.00–3.96) 9.46 (3.94–22.71) 2.61 (1.61–4.25) 1.18 (0.71–1.94)
Age (years)
 19–34 Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 35–49 1.43 (0.49–4.20) 4.34 (2.22–8.51) 0.94 (0.43–2.04) 1.89 (0.99–3.61) 2.69 (0.99–7.33) 3.72 (1.20–11.48) 3.06 (1.63–5.74) 0.51 (0.24–1.10)
 50–64 1.11 (0.36–3.45) 2.44 (1.31–4.57) 0.80 (0.36–1.78) 1.11 (0.60–2.06) 1.83 (0.68–4.89) 0.99 (0.38–2.56) 3.56 (1.80–7.04) 0.55 (0.25–1.22)
 > 64 1.02 (0.35–3.00) 2.22 (1.17–4.22) 0.98 (0.41–2.35) 0.70 (0.37–1.30) 1.05 (0.44–2.47) 0.65 (0.27–1.58) 2.79 (1.41–5.53) 0.42 (0.19–0.92)
NS-SEC
 Managerial & prof. Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Intermediate 1.74 (0.46–6.54) 1.69 (0.79–3.62) 1.15 (0.49–2.71) 1.07 (0.56–2.08) 1.15 (0.39–3.38) 1.62 (0.49–5.39) 2.76 (1.18–6.48) 0.83 (0.42–1.65)
 Routine & manual 0.73 (0.30–1.77) 0.48 (0.29–0.80) 0.54 (0.28–1.04) 0.39 (0.24–0.66) 0.37 (0.17–0.82) 0.49 (0.23–1.06) 0.67 (0.40–1.12) 0.57 (0.32–1.02)
Respondent is main food provider
 No Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Yes 4.73 (2.06–10.89) 2.42 (1.49–3.93) 0.80 (0.40–1.61) 1.42 (0.88–2.31) 1.50 (0.72–3.09) 5.11 (2.53–10.32) 3.81 (2.33–6.26) 0.61 (0.32–1.14)
  1. CI confidence intervals, NS-SEC National Statistics socio-economic classification