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Table 4 Factor analysis of subjective measures of built environment

From: Objective and subjective measures of neighborhood environment (NE): relationships with transportation physical activity among older persons

Measurements Coefficient 95 % CI p
Residential density (Factor 1)     
Bungalow 1 (constrained)    
Shophouses/house (1–3 stories) 1.33 1.27 1.39 <0.001
Apartment/condominium (1–3 stories) 5.94 1.53 10.36 0.008
Apartment/condominium (4–6 stories) 5.86 1.44 10.27 0.009
Apartment/condominium (7–12 stories) 43.89 13.11 74.68 0.005
Apartment/condominium (more than 13 stories) 45.51 13.88 77.14 0.005
Street Connectivity (Factor 2)     
Connecting and covered walkways 1 (constrained)    
Sufficient time for pedestrian crossing 1.20 0.94 1.46 <0.001
Nearest traffic light 0.93 0.75 1.10 <0.001
Land Use Mix Access (Factor 3)     
Store within easy walking distance 1 (constrained)    
Places within easy walking distance 0.66 0.56 0.75 <0.001
Easy to walk to bus & Mass Rapid Transport stations 0.99 0.99 1.00 <0.001
Many steps/stairs difficult to walk 0.66 0.56 0.75 <0.001
Infrastructure Walk cycle (Factor 4)     
Sidewalks on most streets 1 (constrained)    
Well-designed sidewalks 1.37 1.13 1.61 <0.001
Bicycles lanes −2.02 −2.48 −1.55 <0.001
Sidewalks separated from streets by barriers 2.08 1.68 2.47 <0.001
Cars parked between sidewalks and main streets 0.46 0.17 0.75 0.002
Grass separaters separates roads from sidewalks 2.02 1.63 2.41 <0.001
Aesthetics (Factor 5)     
Shade for sidewalks 1 (constrained)    
Trees along the streets 1.12 0.58 1.67 <0.001
Interesting things to look while walking 0.02 −0.17 0.22 0.81
Free from litter −0.23 −0.43 −0.03 0.02
Trees and garden landscaping 0.22 −0.01 0.46 0.06
Attractive buildings/homes −0.21 −0.37 −0.05 0.01