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Table 5 Factor analysis of Subjective measures (Continued)

From: Objective and subjective measures of neighborhood environment (NE): relationships with transportation physical activity among older persons

Measurements Coefficient 95 % CI p value
Traffic safety (Factor 6)     
Much traffic along the streets 1 (constrained)    
Much traffic along nearby streets 1.00 0.75 1.25 <0.001
Traffic speed slow 0.94 0.69 1.19 <0.001
Traffic speed slow on most nearby streets 1.00 0.75 1.26 <0.001
Drivers exceed the posted speed limits 1.02 0.76 1.28 <0.001
Drivers stopped at pedestrians crossing 1.51 1.20 1.82 <0.001
Pedestrians crossings and signals 1.40 1.11 1.69 <0.001
Pedestrians crossings help walkers feel safe crossing 1.69 1.36 2.03 <0.001
Overhead bridges to cross the road safely 1.76 1.38 2.14 <0.001
Crime safety (Factor 7)     
Neighbourhood streets well lit at night 1 (constrained)    
Walkers and bikers on the streets 0.80 0.61 0.99 <0.001
See and speak to other people when walking 1.11 0.90 1.33 <0.001
High crime rate −1.39 −1.63 −1.15 <0.001
Crime rate unsafe to go on walks during the day −1.69 −1.94 −1.45 <0.001
Crime rate unsafe to go on walks during at night −1.84 −2.11 −1.57 <0.001
Land use diversity (Factor 8)     
Provisions shop 1 (constrained)    
Wet market 1.06 0.83 1.29 <0.001
Supermarket 1.51 1.16 1.87 <0.001
Hardware store 1.95 1.52 2.37 <0.001
Laundry/dry cleaner 0.21 1.52 2.34 <0.001
Clothing 1.89 1.52 2.26 <0.001
Hairdresser 1.53 1.25 1.82 <0.001
Hawker center 1.18 0.94 1.41 <0.001
Coffee shop 1.18 0.96 1.41 <0.001
Fast food restaurant 1.27 0.91 1.64 <0.001
Non-fast food restaurant 1.36 0.98 1.75 <0.001
Bank/Automated Teller Machines (ATM) 1.84 1.49 2.20 <0.001
Post office 1.70 1.31 2.09 <0.001
Library 1.19 0.89 1.50 <0.001
Religious institutions 0.96 0.61 1.30 <0.001
Elementary school 1.66 1.26 2.06 <0.001
Other schools 1.68 1.29 2.07 <0.001
Video store 1.66 1.27 2.04 <0.001
Movie theatre 1.04 0.77 1.31 <0.001
Medicinal shops 1.61 1.31 1.92 <0.001
Clinics/dentals 1.76 1.41 2.11 <0.001
Nearest bus stop 0.76 0.60 0.93 <0.001
Nearest mass rapid transport (MRT) stations 0.85 0.53 1.17 <0.001
Recreational park 1.74 1.33 2.14 <0.001
Community club/residents’ committee 1.88 1.49 2.27 <0.001
Swimming pools 1.79 1.42 2.17 <0.001
Gym or fitness facility 1.48 1.08 1.87 <0.001
Singapore pools 2.14 1.74 2.53 <0.001
Senior activity center/club 1.22 0.90 1.53 <0.001
Book store 1.06 0.75 1.37 <0.001