Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the children and mothers (n = 2,045)

From: Sugar-containing beverage intake at the age of 1 year and cardiometabolic health at the age of 6 years: the Generation R Study

  Boys (n = 1,009) Girls (n = 1,036)
Child characteristics
 Age at FFQ (months) 12.8 (12.2 – 19.4) 12.9 (12.2 – 19.1)
 SCB consumption (servings per week) 7.1 (0 – 26.9) 7.0 (0 – 26.0)
 Dietary energy intake (kcal/day) 1314 (755 – 2098) 1224 (720 – 2037)
 Diet quality score 4.0 (1.9 – 6.4) 3.8 (1.6 – 6.4)
 Breastfed (months) 3.5 (0 – 12) 3.5 (0 – 12)
TV watching at age 2 years
  < 1 h/day 50.1 % (505) 52.9 % (548)
  > 1 h /day 49.9 % (504) 47.1 % (488)
Age at 6 years visit (years) 5.9 (5.6 – 6.5) 5.9 (5.6 – 6.6)
Weight (kg) 22 (17.6 – 28.4) 21.8 (17.4 – 29.4)
Height (cm) 118.5 (109.9 – 128.6) 117.8 (108.4 – 128.5)
BMI (kg/m2) 15.7 (13.7 – 18.7) 15.7 (13.6 – 19.2)
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 100 (88 – 118) 101 (88 – 121)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 59 (47 – 72) 61 (48 – 74)
Pulse wave velocity (m/s) 5.4 (4.0 – 7.6) 5.4 (4.3 – 7.3)
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.31 (0.81 – 2.06) 1.28 (0.81 – 2.01)
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 0.98 (0.38 – 2.32) 0.99 (0.43 – 2.42)
Insulin (pmol/l) 116 (17 – 376) 114 (18 – 429)
Preperitoneal fat (cm2) 0.34 (0.17 – 0.73) 0.43 (0.20 – 0.95)
Maternal characteristics
 Maternal age (years) 32.3 (22.8 – 40.0) 32.2 (22.7 – 39.7)
 Maternal BMI at enrollment (kg/m2) 23.2 (18.3 – 34.6) 23.4 (19.1 – 35.2)
Educational level
 Lower 33.2 % (331) 34.4 % (353)
 Higher 66.8 % (665) 65.6 % (674)
Folic acid use
 Never 7.4 % (56) 7.0 % (55)
 Periconceptionally 63.1 % (475) 63.1 % (231)
 Started in first 10 weeks 29.5 % (222) 29.4 % (501)
Smoking during pregnancy
 Never smoked or quit when pregnancy was known 88.3 % (802) 90.8 % (862)
 Continued during pregnancy 11.7 % (106) 9.2 % (87)
  1. Values are valid percentages (absolute numbers) or medians (95 % range)
  2. Data on television watching was missing in 55 boys and 66 girls
  3. Data on maternal BMI was missing in 90 boys and 88 girls