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Table 1 Differences in proposed mediators between treatment groups at 2-month and 12-month follow-up

From: Characteristics of the home food environment that mediate immediate and sustained increases in child fruit and vegetable consumption: mediation analysis from the Healthy Habits cluster randomised controlled trial

    2-months 12-months
    Treatment p-value Treatment p-value
  Proposed mediator Category Intervention (n = 208) Control (n = 186)   Intervention (n = 208) Control (n = 186)  
Change score Availability mean (SD) 1.0 (4.7) 0.7 (4.4) 0.4721 1.1 (4.2) 0.3 (5.2) 0.3437
Parent Intake (F&V serves/day) mean (SD) 1.0 (1.8) 0.1 (1.5) <0.0001 0.6 (2.0) 0.0 (1.7) 0.1459
Role modelling (Times/day) mean (SD) 0.5 (1.7) 0.4 (1.5) 0.3312 −0.0 (1.9) 0.0 (1.4) 0.7426
Parent provision (Times/day children provided F&V) mean (SD) 1.1 (1.7) 0.4 (1.4) 0.0006 0.7 (1.5) 0.3 (1.4) 0.0232
Pressure mean (SD) −0.2 (0.6) −0.1 (0.6) 0.1339 −0.2 (0.6) 0.0 (0.7) 0.0413
Single point in time Eats together (as a family at a table/bench) Everyday (=1) 0–6 days/week (=0) 108 (60 %) 109 (61 %) 0.7023 104 (63 %) 99 (61 %) 0.2920
Television dinner (Eat dinner in front of the TV) 1–7 days/week (=1) Never (=0) 91 (51 %) 89 (49 %) 0.5435 77 (47 %) 77 (48 %) 0.4788
Accessibility
 - Neither F nor V 0.0 24 (14 %) 33 (18 %) 0.2039 27 (16 %) 26 (16 %) 0.4761
 - F or V, not both 1.0 64 (36 %) 85 (47 %)   57 (35 %) 66 (41 %)  
 - Both F & V 2.0 88 (50 %) 61 (34 %)   80 (49 %) 68 (43 %)  
Reward child with desserts etc. if finish plate at dinner? Never/rarely 82 (46 %) 60 (33 %) 0.0557 77 (47 %) 64 (40 %) 0.6543
Ask child to eat everything on plate at dinner Never/rarely 70 (39 %) 42 (23 %) 0.1481 48 (29 %) 45 (28 %) 0.6901
Generally allow child to eat only at set meal times All/most of the time 75 (42 %) 74 (41 %) 0.7101 72 (44 %) 65 (40 %) 0.2796