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Table 1 Characteristics of sample at age 11 years

From: Sugar and artificially sweetened beverage consumption and adiposity changes: National longitudinal study

   N = 13,170
Sex (%) Girls 49.5
Ethnic group (%) White 82.9
South Asian 9.6
African 3.2
Missing 4.3
Equivalised income (%) Below 60 % median 20.7
Maternal educational qualifications (%) No formal education 15.1
GCSE (taken at age 16) 41.4
A-level or Diploma (taken at age 18) 24.5
University 19.0
Country (%) England 64.8
Wales 14.1
Scotland 11.2
Northern Ireland 9.9
Fruit intake (%) ≥3 portions per day 41.7
Eats breakfast (%) Eats breakfast 7 days a week 86.6
Diet at age 7 years (%) On controlled diet to lose weight 5.1
Snacking between meals (crisps, sweets and chocolate, cakes and biscuits) at age 7 years (%) None 19.6
One 38.3
Two 30.2
Three 11.9
Sporting physical activity (%) Less than once per week 25.9
1-2 days per week 42.0
≥3 days per week 32.1
Daily TV watching (%) ≥2 h 39.1
Mode of travel to school (%) Walk, cycle or use bus 58.7
SSB consumption (%) <once a week/never 39.3
1 - 6 days a week 29.5
At least once a day 31.2
ASB consumption (%) <once a week/never 36.4
1 - 6 days a week 24.2
At least once a day 39.4
BMI (SD) Mean 19.1 (3.4)
Weight status by BMI (%) Normal weight 70.1
Overweight 11.0
Obese 18.9
% Body fat (SD) Boys 20.1 (7.2)
Girls 24.6 (7.1)
Change in BMI age 7 to 11 years Mean +2.6 (2.1)
Change in % body fat age 7 to 11 years Mean +1.3 (4.9)
  1. SSB – Sugar-sweetened beverages. ASB – Artificially-sweetened beverages. BMI – Body Mass Index
  2. SD – Standard Deviation. OECD – Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development