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Table 3 Associations between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and adiposity measures

From: Sugar and artificially sweetened beverage consumption and adiposity changes: National longitudinal study

   Unadjusted coefficient at age 11 (95 % CI) Adjusted coefficient at age 11 (95 % CI) Unadjusted coefficient age 7–11 (95 % CI) Adjusted coefficient age 7–11 (95 % CI)
Body Mass Index
N   12,368 10,443 11,318 10,283
SSB consumptiona Weekly 0.12 (−0.03; 0.28) 0.12 (−0.03; 0.26) 0.24 (0.14; 0.34) 0.20 (0.10; 0.31)
Daily 0.15 (−0.03; 0.32) 0.13 (−0.04; 0.30) 0.29 (0.19; 0.40) 0.22 (0.11; 0.34)
Percentage body fat
N   12,370 10,231 10,844 9851
SSB consumptiona Weekly 0.38 (0.03; 0.74) 0.37 (0.05; 0.70) 0.49 (0.25; 0.73) 0.45 (0.21; 0.69)
Daily 0.52 (0.15; 0.89) 0.54 (0.17; 0.92) 0.61 (0.35; 0.86) 0.57 (0.30; 0.83)
  1. aReference group children consuming sugar sweetened beverages less than once a week/never
  2. Weekly consumption = 1–6 days a week, Daily consumption = once a day or more than once a day
  3. CI – Confidence intervals. Models adjusted for: age (in months), sex, ethnic group, equivalised income, mother’s highest educational qualification, country, portions of fruit consumer per day, breakfast consumption, days per week of sport/exercise, hours spent watching TV per weekday, mode of transport to school, being on a controlled diet at age 7 and snacking at age 7. Models of change in adiposity adjusted for adiposity at age 7