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Table 4 Associations between artificially sweetened beverage (ASB) consumption and adiposity measures

From: Sugar and artificially sweetened beverage consumption and adiposity changes: National longitudinal study

   Unadjusted coefficient at age 11 (95 % CI) Adjusted coefficient at age 11 (95 % CI) Unadjusted coefficient age 7–11 (95 % CI) Adjusted coefficient age 7–11 (95 % CI)
Body Mass Index
N   12,368 10,443 11,318 10,283
ASB consumptiona Weekly 0.68 (0.49; 0.87) 0.47 (0.29; 0.66) 0.16 (0.03; 0.29) 0.14 (0.00; 0.27)
Daily 0.79 (0.64; 0.94) 0.58 (0.42; 0.74) 0.22 (0.12; 0.32) 0.17 (0.06; 0.28)
Percentage body fat
N   12,370 10,231 10,844 9851
ASB consumptiona Weekly 1.29 (0.89; 1.70) 0.88 (0.49; 1.27) 0.32 (0.01; 0.63) 0.26 (−0.04; 0.55)
Daily 1.48 (1.12; 1.83) 1.18 (0.81; 1.54) 0.39 (0.15; 0.63) 0.35 (0.09; 0.61)
  1. aReference group children consuming artificially sweetened beverages less than once a week/never
  2. Weekly consumption = 1–6 days a week, Daily consumption = once a day or more than once a day
  3. CI – Confidence intervals. Adjusted models adjusted for: age (in months), sex, ethnic group, equivalised income, mother’s highest educational qualification, country, portions of fruit consumer per day, breakfast consumption, days per week of sport/exercise, hours spent watching TV per weekday, mode of transport to school, being on a controlled diet at age 7 and snacking at age 7. Models of change in adiposity adjusted for adiposity at age 7