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Table 5 Associations between sweetened beverage consumption and BMI Z-score

From: Sugar and artificially sweetened beverage consumption and adiposity changes: National longitudinal study

   Unadjusted coefficient at age 11 (95 % CI) Adjusted coefficient at age 11 (95 % CI) Unadjusted coefficient age 7–11 (95 % CI) Adjusted coefficient age 7–11 (95 % CI)
Sugar sweetened beverages
Sugar sweetened beverage consumption at age 11a At least once a week 0.04 (0.00; 0.10) 0.04 (0.00; 0.09) 0.08 (0.04; 0.12) 0.07 (0.02; 0.11)
At least daily 0.05 (0.00; 0.11) 0.04 (−0.02; 010) 0.11 (0.07; 0.14) 0.08 (0.04; 0.12)
Artificially sweetened beverages
Artificially sweetened beverage consumption at age 11b At least once a week 0.23 (0.16; 0.29) 0.17 (0.10; 0.24) 0.05 (0.01; 0.10) 0.04 (−0.01; 0.10)
At least daily 0.25 (0.19; 0.30) 0.19 (0.12; 0.25) 0.05 (0.01; 0.09) 0.04 (0.01; 0.08)
  1. aReference group children consuming sugar sweetened beverages less than once a week/never
  2. bReference group children consuming artificially sweetened beverages less than once a week/never
  3. Weekly consumption = 1–6 days a week, Daily consumption = once a day/ more than once a day
  4. CI – Confidence intervals. Adjusted models adjusted for: ethnic group, equivalised income, mother’s highest educational qualification, country, portions of fruit consumer per day, breakfast consumption, days per week of sport/exercise, hours spent watching TV per weekday and mode of transport to school, being on a controlled diet at age 7, snacking at age 7, and height squared. Models of change in adiposity adjusted for adiposity at age 7