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Table 7 Associations between weekly sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and adiposity measures

From: Sugar and artificially sweetened beverage consumption and adiposity changes: National longitudinal study

  Unadjusted coefficient for adiposity at age 11 (95 % CI) Adjusted coefficient for adiposity at age 11 (95 % CI) Unadjusted coefficient for change in adiposity between 7 and 11 (95 % CI) Adjusted coefficient for change in adiposity between 7 and 11 (95 % CI)
Category (% of sample) Body Mass Index
Neither (16.4 %) ref ref ref ref
ASB but not SSB (22.8 %) 0.91 (0.70; 1.12) 0.72 (0.50; 0.95) 0.20 (0.06; 0.34) 0.13 (−0.01; 0.26)
SSB but not ASB (20.0 %) 0.24 (0.02; 0.46) 0.17 (−0.05; 0.39) 0.28 (0.13; 0.42) 0.20 (0.06; 0.34)
Both (40.8 %) 0.86 (0.69; 1.04) 0.65 (0.45; 0.86) 0.44 (0.31; 0.56) 0.33 (0.19; 0.47)
Category (% of sample) Percentage body fat
Neither (16.8 %) ref ref ref ref
ASB but not SSB (23.5 %) 1.60 (1.10; 2.11) 1.39 (0.86; 1.92) 0.25 (−0.10; 0.61) 0.22 (−0.13; 0.60)
SSB but not ASB (19.0 %) 0.57 (0.07; 1.08) 0.54 (0.05; 1.05) 0.46 (0.10; 0.82) 0.47 (0.10; 0.84)
Both (40.7 %) 1.78 (1.38; 2.19) 1.49 (1.05; 1.94) 0.82 (0.51; 1.12) 0.73 (0.41; 1.05)
  1. Weekly consumption = at least one day per week
  2. ASB – artificially sweetened beverages, SSB – sugar sweetened beverages, CI – Confidence intervals
  3. Adjusted models adjusted for: age (in months), sex, ethnic group, equivalised income, mother’s highest educational qualification, country, portions of fruit consumer per day, breakfast consumption, days per week of sport/exercise, hours spent watching TV per weekday and mode of transport to school, being on a controlled diet at age 7 and snacking at age 7. Models of change in adiposity adjusted for adiposity at age 7