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Table 8 Associations between sweetened beverage consumption and adiposity measures, excluding children obese at age 11

From: Sugar and artificially sweetened beverage consumption and adiposity changes: National longitudinal study

   Unadjusted coefficient at age 11 (95 % CI) Adjusted coefficient at age 11 (95 % CI) Unadjusted coefficient age 7–11 (95 % CI) Adjusted coefficient age 7–11 (95 % CI)
Body Mass Index
Artificially sweetened beverage consumption at age 11a Weekly 0.28 (0.15; 0.40) 0.32 (0.18; 0.45) 0.12 (0.02; 0.22) 0.12; 0.01; 0.22)
Daily 0.30 (0.19; 0.42) 0.31 (0.18; 0.44) 0.13 (0.04; 0.22) 0.13 (0.03; 0.23)
Percentage body fat
Artificially sweetened beverage consumption at age 11a Weekly 0.43 (0.05; 0.28) 0.47 (0.38; 0.62) 0.17 (0.05; 0.28) 0.18 (0.05; 0.30)
Daily 0.38 (0.26; 0.50) 0.36 (0.23; 0.50) 0.16 (0.07; 0.26) 0.15 (0.06; 0.25)
  1. aReference group children consuming artificially sweetened beverages less than once a week/never
  2. Weekly consumption = 1–6 days a week, Daily consumption = once a day/ more than once a day
  3. Adjusted models adjusted for: age (in months), sex, ethnic group, equivalised income, mother’s highest educational qualification, country, portions of fruit consumer per day, breakfast consumption, days per week of sport/exercise, hours spent watching TV per weekday and mode of transport to school, being on a controlled diet at age 7 and snacking at age 7. Models of change in adiposity adjusted for adiposity at age 7