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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of children at baseline categorised by intervention and control group

From: Effectiveness of a universal parental support programme to promote health behaviours and prevent overweight and obesity in 6-year-old children in disadvantaged areas, the Healthy School Start Study II, a cluster-randomised controlled trial

  Total Intervention Control p n
  n = 378 n = 185 (89 boys/96 girls) n = 193 (98 boys/95 girls)   
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)   
Age (years) 6.3 (0.3) 6.3 (0.3) 6.3 (0.3) 0.84 378
Parental low education per family (%) 47.1 43.8 50.3 0.18 345
Parents born outside the Nordic region (%) 80.4 76.5 84.2 0.01 699
Anthropometry
Weight (kg) 24.5 (5.0) 24.2 (5.0) 24.7 (5.0) 0.33 378
Height (cm) 120.3 (5.4) 119.9 (5.1) 120.6 (5.7) 0.23 378
Waist circumference (cm) 56.2 (5.7) 56.1 (5.7) 56.6 (5.7) 0.44 378
Body mass index (kg/m2) 16.8 (2.5) 16.7 (2.4) 16.9 (2.5) 0.51 378
BMI sdsa 0.66 (1.37) 0.62 (1.33) 0.69 (1.42) 0.60 378
Normal weightb (%) 67.5 68.6 66.3 0.63 378
Overweight and obeseb (%) 26.5 25.4 27.5 0.65 378
Underweightb (%) 6.1 5.9 6.2 0.91 378
Physical activity
TPA, all week (cpm) 775 (192) 792 (218) 758 (160) 0.11 327
TPA, weekend (cpm) 639 (207) 627 (211) 651 (204) 0.34 268
MVPA, all week (minutes) 89 (24) 89 (25) 88 (23) 0.82 327
MVPA, weekend (minutes) 66 (27) 64 (27) 69 (26) 0.15 268
Sedentary, all week (minutes) 322 (45) 318 (48) 326 (42) 0.08 327
Sedentary, weekends (minutes) 326 (64) 327 (65) 325 (64) 0.71 268
Child taken to playground etc in the past week (times/week) 2.04 (1.27) 2.00 (1.27) 2.09 (1.29) 0.57 291
Television/computer time (minutes/day) 128 (75) 124 (77) 133 (72) 0.34 301
Diet (servings the previous day)
Fruit juice 0.57 (0.66) 0.56 (0.69) 0.57 (0.62) 0.72 253
Soft drink 0.29 (0.52) 0.26 (0.49) 0.32 (0.54) 0.32 232
Milk 1.21 (0.78) 1.16 (0.76) 1.26 (0.80) 0.18 280
Flavoured milk 0.33 (0.56) 0.28 (0.45) 0.38 (0.65) 0.36 227
Vegetables 1.03 (0.77) 0.95 (0.76) 1.11 (0.79) 0.28 277
Fruits 1.62 (0.96) 1.48 (0.85) 1.76 (1.05) 0.14 294
Snacks (crisps and cheese doodles) 0.31 (0.61) 0.27 (0.52) 0.36 (0.68) 0.26 263
Chocolate/sweets 0.47 (0.68) 0.36 (0.62) 0.57 (0.72) 0.05 276
Ice-cream 0.49 (0.76) 0.35 (0.61) 0.64 (0.87) 0.03 281
Cake/buns/cookies 0.57 (0.79) 0.51 (0.61) 0.64 (0.80) 0.43 274
  1. p = between intervention and control groups
  2. BMI sds body mass index standard deviation score, TPA total physical activity, cpm counts per minute, MVPA moderate to vigorous physical activity
  3. aDefined according to Karlberg et al. 2001
  4. bDefined according to Cole et al. 2012