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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of intervention and control group participants

From: Effects of a home-based intervention on diet and physical activity behaviours for rural adults with or at risk of metabolic syndrome: a randomised controlled trial

Variable Intervention group Control group p valuea
(n = 151) (n = 159)
Age: mean (SD) years 60.5 (5.64) 61.3 (5.18) 0.181
Metabolic syndrome status:    0.494
With 79 (52.3 %) 90 (56.6 %)
At risk 72 (47.7 %) 69 (43.4 %)
BMI: mean (SD) 31.0 (5.88) 30.6 (5.17) 0.440
Gender: female 100 (66.2 %) 106 (66.7 %) 0.934
Employment status:    0.296
Full time 78 (51.7 %) 65 (40.9 %)
Part time 24 (15.9 %) 29 (18.2 %)
Unemployed 5 (3.3 %) 7 (4.4 %)
Retired 44 (29.1 %) 58 (36.5 %)
Education:    0.425
Primary school 3 (2.0 %) 2 (1.3 %)
Secondary school 55 (36.4 %) 72 (45.0 %)
Technical/Diploma 52 (34.4 %) 46 (28.8 %)
University 41 (27.2 %) 39 (24.5 %)
Relationship status: with partner 124 (82.1 %) 129 (81.1 %) 0.810
Smoking status:    0.852
Never 84 (55.6 %) 84 (52.8 %)
Ex-smoker 52 (34.4 %) 54 (33.8 %)
Occasional smoker 3 (2.0 %) 4 (2.5 %)
Daily smoker 12 (7.9 %) 17 (10.6 %)
Co-morbidityb: yes 92 (60.9 %) 104 (65.4 %) 0.413
Alcohol drinking: yes 99 (65.6 %) 113 (71.1 %) 0.957
  1. a t-test or chi square test between intervention and control groups
  2. b Presence of at least one of 8 common health problems