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Table 4 Comparison of self-reported dietary outcomes between intervention and control groups

From: Effects of a home-based intervention on diet and physical activity behaviours for rural adults with or at risk of metabolic syndrome: a randomised controlled trial

Outcome Intervention group (n = 151) p valuea Control group (n = 159) p valueb p valuec p valued
  Baseline Post Baseline Post
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Fibre intake score 23.3 (4.2) 24.9 (4.1) <0.001 23.4 (4.0) 23.6 (3.8) 0.313 0.852 0.004
Fat avoidance score 12.8 (3.8) 13.3 (3.8) 0.016 12.8 (3.8) 12.8 (4.0) 0.743 0.933 0.234
Fat intake score 30.9 (4.0) 32.3 (4.0) <0.001 30.4 (3.8) 30.8 (3.4) 0.082 0.194 <0.001
Fruit intake (serves/day)e 1.5 (1.3) 2.0 (1.4) <0.001 1.5 (1.2) 1.4 (1.1) 0.378 0.619 0.001
Vegetable intake (serves/day)e 3.0 (2.3) 3.4 (1.9) <0.001 2.5 (2.2) 3.0 (2.3) 0.570 0.277 <0.001
  1. a Paired t-test (Wilcoxon signed-rank test) between baseline and post-test for the intervention group
  2. b Paired t-test (Wilcoxon signed-rank test) between baseline and post-test for the control group
  3. c Independent t-test (Mann-Whitney U test) between intervention and control group at baseline
  4. d Independent t-test (Mann-Whitney U test) between intervention and control group at post-test
  5. eNon-parametric tests applied