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Table 3 Relationship between perceived safety from crime and walking inside the neighbourhood (min/week)

From: Safe RESIDential Environments? A longitudinal analysis of the influence of crime-related safety on walking

Variable Model 1 Demographics Model 2 Built environment Model 3 Social cohesion Model 4 Perceptions
  Estimate (SE) p Estimate (SE) p Estimate (SE) p Estimate (SE) p
Total walking 18.04 (3.50) 0.0001 18.77 (3.50) 0.0001 13.53 (3.61) 0.0002 10.54 (3.97) 0.0079
Walking for recreation 13.51 (2.36) 0.0001 13.70 (2.37) 0.0001 10.25 (2.46) 0.0001 7.01 (2.70) 0.0096
Walking for transport 3.18 (1.27) 0.0127 3.56 (1.27) 0.0051 1.38 (1.31) 0.2922 0.68 (1.44) 0.6378
  1. Proc Mixed marginal model with unrestricted variance pattern
  2. Model 1 adjusts for age, gender, income, education, marital status, importance of safety from crime to neighbourhood selection and time
  3. Model 2: Model 1 + residential density, street connectivity and local destinations
  4. Model 3: Model 2 + perceptions of neighbourhood social cohesion
  5. Model 4: Model 3 + perceptions of aesthetics, traffic and street lighting
  6. Bold denotes significant p-value