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Table 2 Results from regression models of weight status outcomes

From: The relationship between unhealthy food sales, socio-economic deprivation and childhood weight status: results of a cross-sectional study in England

  % Overweight or Obese   % Obese  
   95 % CI     95 % CI   
  B lower upper p   B lower upper p  
Reception (children aged 4–5 years)           
Quartile of % UFSPa           
 1 (lowest) -ref- - - -   -ref- - - -  
 2 0.479 0.216 0.743 <0.001   0.235 0.068 0.401 0.006  
 3 0.965 0.698 1.232 <0.001   0.533 0.364 0.702 <0.001  
 4 (highest) 1.170 0.902 1.439 <0.001 * 0.804 0.635 0.974 <0.001 *
Area deprivation score 17.438 16.640 18.236 <0.001   11.782 11.278 12.286 <0.001  
% of MSOA population non-white −0.019 −0.028 −0.011 <0.001   0.016 0.010 0.021 <0.001  
% of MSOA population under 7 −0.090 −0.144 −0.036 0.001   −0.050 −0.084 −0.016 0.004  
Year 6 (Children aged 10–11 years)           
Quartile of % unhealthy food salesa           
 1 (lowest) -ref- - - -   -ref- - - -  
 2 0.438 0.123 0.753 0.006   0.460 0.203 0.718 <0.001  
 3 1.299 0.979 1.620 <0.001   1.093 0.831 1.355 <0.001  
 4 (highest) 2.654 2.329 2.980 <0.001 * 2.386 2.120 2.652 <0.001 *
Area deprivation score 22.288 21.375 23.201 <0.001   21.377 20.630 22.124 <0.001  
% of MSOA population non-white 0.072 0.062 0.081 <0.001   0.038 0.030 0.045 <0.001  
% of MSOA population 10–14 years −0.112 −0.210 −0.014 0.025   −0.079 −0.160 0.001 0.053  
  1. aReference = Quartile 1, the lowest % unhealthy food sales percentage (UFSP). For p, bold font indicates p < 0.05, and italic font indicates statistical non-significance (p > 0.05). *test for trend across quartiles statistically significant (p < 0.05)