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Table 1 Parent and Child Socio-Demographics, Physical Activity (PA)-Related Parenting Practices, and Parental Perceived Neighborhood Safety

From: Places where preschoolers are (in)active: an observational study on Latino preschoolers and their parents using objective measures

Variables Whole sample (n = 73) Sub-sample with GPS- estimated outdoor/indoor time (n = 66)
Parent characteristics ears (mean, SD) 32.3 (6.1) 31.5 (5.6)
Age, mean (SD) 32.6 (6.8) 32.9 (6.8)
Born in the US, n (%) 30 (41 %) 27 (41 %)
Country of origin, n (%)   
 Mexico 54 (74 %) 49 (74 %)
 El Salvador 9 (12 %) 8 (12 %)
 Other Latin American countries 10 (14 %) 9 (14 %)
Education, n (%)   
  < High School 19 (26 %) 17 (26 %)
 High School/GED 28 (39 %) 26 (39 %)
  > High School 25 (34 %) 23 (35 %)
 Not answered 1 (1 %) NA
Current employment status, n (%)   
 Not employed 45 (62 %) 42 (64 %)
 Employed 27 (37 %) 24 (36 %)
 Not answered 1 (1 %) n/a
Total household income, n (%)   
  ≤ $19 k 25 (34 %) 23 (35 %)
 $20 k–$49 K 32 (44 %) 29 (44 %)
  ≥ $50 k 12 (16 %) 10 (15 %)
 Unknown/No answer 4 (6 %) 2 (6 %)
Primary language spoken in household, n (%)   
 English 9 (12 %) 8 (12 %)
 Spanish 35 (48 %) 32 (48 %)
 Both 29 (40 %) 26 (40 %)
Child characteristics   
Age in years, mean (SD) 4.5 (0.8) 4.5 (0.8)
Gender, n (%) Male 42 (58 %) 38 (58 %)
Weight status, n (%)   
 Normal weight 35 (48 %) 32 (48 %)
 Overweight 15 (21 %) 13 (20 %)
 Obese 23 (31 %) 21 (32 %)
Hours/week spent in childcare center, n (%)   
 None 45 (62 %) 40 (60 %)
 Up to 10 hours 5 (7 %) 4 (6 %)
 11–20 hours 9 (12 %) 9 (14 %)
 21+ hours 14 (19 %) 13 (20 %)
PA parental practicesa, mean (SD)   
 Parental engagement and structure 3.52 (0.56) 3.53 (0.55)
 Promote screen time 2.41 (0.79) 2.40 (0.79)
 Promote inactivity 1.71 (0.56) 1.69 (0.56)
 Psychological control 1.90 (0.59) 1.90 (0.62)
 Restriction for safety concern 2.74 (1.01) 2.77 (1.01)
Perceived neighborhood safety, mean (SD)   
 Traffic safetyb 2.94 (0.74) 2.94 (0.71)
 Traffic hazardsb 2.73 (0.86) 2.79 (0.84)
 Stranger dangerb 2.51 (1.10) 2.53 (1.08)
 Signs of physical and social disordera 2.17 (0.86) 2.22 (0.87)
  1. Notes: All children were born in the US and participating parents were mothers; GED general educational development, SD standard deviation. apossible range: 1–5. bpossible range: 1–4