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Table 2 NEWS-Africa Item and Scale Descriptives and Test-Retest Reliabilities (n = 301)

From: NEWS for Africa: adaptation and reliability of a built environment questionnaire for physical activity in seven African countries

Item/Scale Range Test-Retest Reliability: ICC (95 % CI) Mean‡ (SD)‡
A. Types of residences     
Types of residences in your neighborhood (not weighted)* 1-6 0.80 (0.75, 0.83) 2.88 1.69
B. Stores, facilities and other things in your neighborhood
B1. Kiosk/corner store/ small grocery 1-5 0.73 (0.67, 0.78) 4.22 1.08
B2. Supermarket 1-5 0.73 (0.66, 0.78) 2.80 1.32
B3. Fruit/vegetable market 1-5 0.73 (0.67, 0.78) 2.78 1.36
B4. Fast food restaurant 1-5 0.82 (0.78, 0.86) 3.06 1.49
B5. Non-fast food restaurant 1-5 0.71 (0.65, 0.77) 2.82 1.52
B6. Pub or bar* 1-5 0.69 (0.62, 0.74) 3.51 1.43
B7. Cinema/theatre* 1-5 0.62 (0.54, 0.69) 1.55 1.04
B8. Place of worship/ faith centre** 1-5 0.67 (0.60, 0.73) 2.84 1.41
B9. Computer/cell kiosks* 1-5 0.75 (0.69, 0.79) 3.07 1.50
B10. Library 1-5 0.58 (0.49, 0.66) 1.68 1.10
B11. Any school 1-5 0.69 (0.63, 0.75) 3.12 1.47
B12. Your workplace or school 1-5 0.72 (0.65, 0.77) 2.05 1.41
B13. Book store 1-5 0.69 (0.61, 0.74) 1.98 1.30
B14. Health clinic/ hospital* 1-5 0.69 (0.62, 0.74) 2.44 1.33
B15. Pharmacy/ chemist 1-5 0.74 (0.68, 0.79) 3.05 1.42
B16. Salon/ barber shop 1-5 0.66 (0.58, 0.72) 3.72 1.28
B17. Clothing store 1-5 0.71 (0.65, 0.77) 2.48 1.45
B18. Electronics shop* 1-5 0.74 (0.68, 0.79) 2.43 1.45
B19. Public bus or train stop 1-5 0.70 (0.64, 0.76) 2.76 1.53
B20. Taxi motorbike stop* 1-5 0.68 (0.60, 0.74) 3.47 1.45
B21. Sports field or court* 1-5 0.69 (0.62, 0.74) 2.47 1.40
B22. Other outdoor recreation space 1-5 0.70 (0.63, 0.75) 2.14 1.42
B23. Other indoor recreation facilities 1-5 0.71 (0.64, 0.77) 2.03 1.27
B24. Dance/ martial arts* 1-5 0.63 (0.55, 0.70) 1.59 1.17
B25. Tap/well, pond, river or stream for fresh water** 1-5 0.50 (0.41, 0.58) 4.36 1.25
B26. Farm** 1-5 0.71 (0.64, 0.76) 1.86 1.45
B27. Places for hunting/ collecting firewood** 1-5 0.76 (0.70, 0.81) 1.57 1.19
Destinations scale – mean of items 1-20 and 25 1.14-4.75 0.79 (0.74, 0.83) 2.90 0.74
Recreation scale – mean of items 21-24 1-5 0.74 (0.68, 0.79) 2.10 1.01
C. Access to services and places     
C1. Stores are within easy walking distance of my house 1-4 0.68 (0.61, 0.74) 3.20 1.04
C2. There are many places to go, such as food markets and restaurants, within easy walking distance of my house 1-4 0.73 (0.68, 0.78) 2.80 1.12
C3. It is easy to walk to a transit/transport stop from my house 1-4 0.68 (0.61, 0.73) 3.06 1.06
C4. It is easy to walk to an outdoor recreation place space from my house* 1-4 0.62 (0.55, 0.69) 2.48 1.16
C5. It is easy to walk to an indoor recreation facility from my house* 1-4 0.62 (0.54, 0.69) 2.20 1.09
C6. Places to get essential supplies like water and firewood are within easy walking distance of my house** 1-4 0.63 (0.56, 0.69) 3.01 1.10
C7. There are gathering places within easy distance of my house* 1-4 0.66 (0.59, 0.72) 2.77 1.04
Access to services scale – mean of items 1-7 1-4 0.71 (0.64, 0.76) 2.79 0.62
D. Roads and walking paths in my neighborhood
D1. The distance to walk to the closest next street in my neighborhood is usually short 1-4 0.52 (0.43, 0.60) 3.27 0.96
D2. There are many alternative roads for getting from place to place in my neighborhood 1-4 0.54 (0.46, 0.62) 3.26 0.95
D3. There are many unofficial routes connecting places in my area** 1-4 0.62 (0.54, 0.68) 2.86 1.09
D4. There are many shortcuts such as foot paths between roads in my area* 1-4 0.64 (0.57, 0.71) 2.80 1.10
D5. Some roads or walking/foot paths in my area are blocked by gates or barriers* 1-4 0.68 (0.61, 0.73) 2.76 1.14
Roads and walking paths scale – mean of items 1-5 (after recodes) 1.20-4 0.60 (0.53, 0.67) 2.99 0.54
E. Places for walking, cycling and playing     
E1. There are formally provided sidewalks on most of the roads in my neighborhood 1-4 0.75 (0.69, 0.79) 2.00 1.17
E2. The sidewalks in my neighborhood are well maintained* 1-4 0.71 (0.65, 0.76) 1.77 1.08
E3. The sidewalks in my neighborhood are often blocked by merchandise, construction materials, etc.** 1-4 0.68 (0.61, 0.73) 2.37 1.24
E4. Sidewalks are separated from the road in my neighborhood by parked cars… 1-4 0.61 (0.53, 0.68) 1.80 1.08
E5. There is a grass/dirt strip that separates the road from the sidewalks in my neighborhood 1-4 0.74 (0.69, 0.79) 1.57 1.01
E6. There are signals or crosswalks / zebra crossings to help walkers cross the busy roads in my neighborhood 1-4 0.74 (0.68, 0.79) 1.72 1.09
E7. There are curb ramps that go from sidewalk level to road level at road crossings in my neighborhood to assist the elderly…* 1-4 0.72 (0.66, 0.77) 1.60 1.02
E8. There is enough time for people on foot to cross the road at crossing points/junctions with traffic lights, signals or robots* 1-4 0.68 (0.61, 0.73) 1.93 1.14
E9. In my neighborhood there are busy roads that are dangerous to cross* 1-4 0.60 (0.52, 0.67) 2.58 1.19
E10. There are informal places for people to walk in my neighborhood** 1-4 0.60 (0.52, 0.67) 2.69 1.13
E11. The walk/foot paths in my neighborhood are generally of good quality…** 1-4 0.60 (0.53, 0.67) 2.13 1.14
E12. There are designated or marked places to bicycle…* 1-4 0.60 (0.52, 0.67) 1.60 0.99
Sidewalk scale – mean of items 1-5 1-4 0.76 (0.71, 0.80) 1.90 0.73
Crossing scale – mean of items 6-9 1-4 0.70 (0.64, 0.75) 1.96 0.67
Path infrastructure scale – mean of items 10-11 1-4 0.60 (0.52, 0.67) 2.41 0.88
Places for walking, cycling, and playing overall scale – mean of all items in Section E 1.08 – 3.92 0.80 (0.75, 0.83) 1.98 0.56
F. Neighborhood Surroundings     
F1. There are trees along the roads in my neighborhood 1-4 0.74 (0.68, 0.78) 2.34 1.24
F2. My neighborhood is clean and free of litter, garbage or stagnant water* 1-4 0.68 (0.61, 0.73) 2.60 1.10
F3. My neighborhood is free from bad smells and odors** 1-4 0.60 (0.52, 0.67) 2.77 1.10
F4. There are beautiful natural sights/ views in my neighborhood 1-4 0.75 (0.70, 0.80) 2.47 1.12
F5. There are attractive buildings/ houses in my neighborhood 1-4 0.74 (0.69, 0.79) 2.82 1.02
F6. My neighborhood is generally free of unpleasant noises like highways, factories, trains, bars…** 1-4 0.62 (0.54, 0.69) 2.80 1.12
F7. My neighborhood is generally free of noticeable pollution and dust, such as from traffic or factories* 1-4 0.63 (0.56, 0.69) 2.75 1.05
F8. There are many pleasant natural sounds in my neighborhood such as from birds** 1-4 0.67 (0.60, 0.73) 2.66 1.06
Neighborhood surroundings scale - mean of items 1-8 1-4 0.78 (0.73, 0.82) 2.65 0.66
G. Safety from Traffic     
G1. There is so much traffic along nearby roads that it is difficult or unpleasant to walk or play in my neighborhood 1-4 0.67 (0.60, 0.73) 2.68 1.09
G2. The speed of traffic on most nearby roads in my neighborhood is usually slow 1-4 0.63 (0.55, 0.69) 2.65 1.06
G3. Most drivers exceed the speed limits in my neighborhood 1-4 0.62 (0.55, 0.69) 2.54 1.09
G4. Walking or playing is dangerous in my neighborhood because of careless or aggressive driving** 1-4 0.66 (0.59, 0.72) 2.69 1.06
G5. It could be dangerous to ride a bicycle in or near my neighborhood because of speed of traffic* 1-4 0.70 (0.64, 0.75) 2.93 1.13
G6. I am worried about playing or walking in my neighborhood and local streets because I am afraid of being injured by a car* 1-4 0.77 (0.68, 0.83) 2.09 1.09
Traffic scale - mean of items G1-5 and PC4 1-4 0.75 (0.70, 0.80) 2.65 0.68
H. Safety from Crime     
H1. There is a lot of crime in my neighborhood. 1-4 0.79 (0.73, 0.83) 2.89 1.07
H2. There is too much crime in my neighborhood to go outside for walks or play during the day. 1-4 0.71 (0.65, 0.76) 3.37 0.84
H3. There is too much crime in my neighborhood to go outside for walks or play at night. 1-4 0.79 (0.74, 0.82) 2.95 1.06
H4. There are groups of people or gangs in my neighborhood who make me feel threatened when I go out.** 1-4 0.73 (0.67, 0.78) 3.04 1.06
Crime scale - Mean of items 1-4 after reverse coding 1-4 0.82 (0.78, 0.86) 3.06 0.82
I. Personal Safety     
I1. I see and can talk to people when I am walking in my neighborhood.* 1-4 0.63 (0.55, 0.69) 3.27 0.89
I2. There are stray dogs or dangerous animals that scare me in my neighborhood.** 1-4 0.68 (0.61, 0.74) 2.77 1.15
I3. The roads in my neighborhood are well lit at night. 1-4 0.70 (0.64, 0.75) 2.33 1.19
Personal Safety Scale - Mean of I1-2 and E9 1-4 0.67 (0.60, 0.73) 2.80 0.61
J. Stranger Danger     
PC1. I am worried about my child playing or being outside alone or with friends around my house (e.g. yard, driveway, apartment common area), because I am afraid of them being taken or hurt by a stranger.* 1-4 0.73 (0.65, 0.80) 2.34 1.13
PC2. I am worried about my child playing or walking alone or with friends in my neighborhood and local streets because I am afraid of them being taken or hurt by a stranger.* 1-4 0.77 (0.69, 0.83) 2.24 1.16
PC3. I am worried about my child being alone or with friends in a local or nearby park because I am afraid of them being taken or hurt by a stranger* 1-4 0.78 (0.70, 0.84) 2.30 1.13
Stranger Danger Scale - Mean of parent-reported Items 1-3 1-4 0.79 (0.72, 0.84) 2.29 1.03
  1. * Modified items to reflect African context
  2. **New items added specifically for NEWS-Africa.
  3. ‡ Mean and standard deviation (SD) computed from the Time 1 survey.