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Table 4 Participants’ values for pedometer-assessed step count and hypothesized mediators

From: Social cognitive theory mediators of physical activity in a lifestyle program for cancer survivors and carers: findings from the ENRICH randomized controlled trial

  Intervention (n = 75) Control (n = 58)
Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Model variable Baseline 8 weeks 20 weeks Baseline 8 weeks 20 weeks
Mean daily steps 8815 (3778) 10849 (5127)* 10307 (4446)* 9604 (5471) 8014 (4568)* 8026 (4698)*
Behavioral goal (0–100%)a 69.6 (29.7) 76.3 (24.3) 72.4 (24.5) 65.1 (32.7) 64.3 (32.4) 70.2 (27.2)
Self-efficacy (1–5)a 3.2 (0.8) 3.3 (0.9) 3.2 (0.9) 3.1 (0.7) 3.1 (0.9) 3.2 (0.9)
Outcome expectations (1–5)a 4.2 (0.8) 4.3 (0.6) 4.2 (0.7) 4.2 (0.8) 4.0 (0.9) 4.1 (0.9)
Impediments (1–5)a 3.7 (0.8) 3.9 (0.6) 3.8 (0.7) 3.9 (0.7) 3.8 (0.7) 3.9 (0.7)
Social support (1–5)a 3.0 (1.4) 2.8 (1.4) 2.7 (1.4) 2.8 (1.4) 2.6 (1.3) 2.8 (1.2)
  1. *denotes significant difference (P < 0.05) using t-test to test for differences between study groups at each time-point, in relation to baseline
  2. adenotes raw mean score; does not include imputation for missing data