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Table 2 Distributions of the parental characteristic latent classes according to family support, child sports participation trajectories, and child moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) trajectories

From: Parental characteristic patterns associated with maintaining healthy physical activity behavior during childhood and adolescence

  Higher family SES and regular PA engagement in high school and adulthood by both father and mother Lower family SES and regular PA in high school by the father Lower family SES and no regular PA in high school by the father P-value
   n (%)   
Total 192 (47.1) 152 (37.3) 64 (15.7)  
Family support (n = 408)     0.08*
 Lower (n = 208) 90 (43.3) 79 (38.0) 99 (18.7)  
 Higher (n = 165) 85 (51.5) 62 (37.6) 18 (10.9)  
 Missing (n = 35) 17 (48.6) 11 (31.4) 7 (20.2)  
Sports participation trajectory (n = 360)a     0.01
 Consistent sports participation (n = 194) 111 (57.2) 65 (33.5) 18 (9.3)  
 Drop-out from sports participation (n = 166) 75 (45.2) 59 (35.5) 32 (19.3)  
MVPA trajectorya (n = 365)     <0.01
 Consistently active (n = 63) 45 (71.4) 12 (19.1) 6 (9.5)  
 Decreasing from moderate MVPA (n = 243) 104 (42.8) 99 (40.7) 40 (16.5)  
 Substantially decreasing from high MVPA (n = 59) 30 (50.8) 23 (39.0) 6 (10.2)  
  1. MVPA moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity, SES socioeconomic status
  2. *Chi-square p-value was calculated excluding the missing data
  3. aSport participation and MVPA trajectories were reported in Kwon et al. [7]