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Table 1 Study information and sample characteristics of the articles included in the systematic review

From: Variation in population levels of sedentary time in European adults according to cross-European studies: a systematic literature review within DEDIPAC

Article Study Study design Quality score (0–1) Number of European countries Number of European participants Demographics Sedentary time assessment method Reported sedentary time outcome variables
Age (range) Gender (% female) Level of education BMI (mean)
Eurobarometer (EB)
Sjöström et al. (2006) [15] EB 58.2 (2002) CS 0.91 15 n.r. 15+ n.r. n.r. n.r. Questionnaire; IPAQ-short % sitting >6 h/day
Eurobaro-meter 64.3 (2006) [16] EB 64.3 (2005) CS 0.75 29 24,682 15+ 52 % 25 % > 20 yrs old when stopped edu n.r. Questionnaire; IPAQ-short Minutes/day sitting time
Bennie et al. (2013) [17] EB 64.3 (2005) CS 0.91 29 27,637 15-98 56 % 38 % >19 yrs edu n.r. Questionnaire; IPAQ-short Minutes/day sitting time
Eurobaro-meter 80.2 (2014) [18] EB 80.2 (2013) CS 0.70 28 27,919 15+ n.r. n.r. n.r. Questionnaire; IPAQ-short % sitting ≤2 h30; 2 h31-5 h30; 5 h31-8 h30; >8 h31/day
Loyen et al. (2016) [19] EB 80.2 (2013) CS 0.95 28 26,617 18+ 55 % 33 % 20+ years old when stopped edu n.r. Questionnaire; IPAQ-short Minutes/day sitting time; % sitting >7.5 h/day
Milton et al. (2015) [20] EB 58.2 (2002); 64.3 (2005) and 80.2 (2013) CS 0.95 25 65,790 15+ 52 % 18-19 mean years of edu n.r. Questionnaire; IPAQ-short Minutes/day sitting time; % sitting >7.5 h/day
Other studies
Bauman et al. 2011) [21] IPS CS 0.86 7 16,766 16-65 n.r. n.r. n.r. Questionnaire; IPAQ-short Minutes/day sitting time
Bourdeau-dhuij et al. (2005) [22] / CS 0.95 2 526 18+ 65-66 %a 40-44 % higher edua 23-26 Questionnaire; IPAQ-long Minutes/week sitting time
Hainey et al. (2013) [23] / CS 0.82 2 887 23-38a (mean) 30-62 %a n.r. n.r. Questionnaire; Unspecified Hours/week videogame playing
Lakerveld et al. (2015) [24] SPOTLIGHT CS 0.95 5 6,037   56 % 54 % higher edu 25 Questionnaire; Marshall Minutes/day sitting time
Ortega et al. (2013) [25] EYHS LT 0.91 2 321 21 and 25 59-63 %a n.r. 20-21a Accelerometer; ActiGraph Minutes/day sedentary time
Van Dyck et al. (2015) [26] IPEN CS 0.91 5 2,166 18-66 53 % 52 % college or higher 26 Accelerometer; ActiGraph (several models) Minutes/day sedentary time
  1. BMI = Body Mass Index; EB = Eurobarometer; IPS = International Prevalence Study; SPOTLIGHT = Sustainable Prevention of Obesity Through Integrated Strategies; EYHS = European Youth Heart Study; IPEN = International Physical activity and the Environment Network; CS = Cross-sectional; LT = Longitudinal; n.r. = not reported; yrs = years; edu = education; IPAQ = International Physical Activity Questionnaire; h = hours
  2. aThese publications only presented stratified demographics. The numbers shown here represent the range